Quranic Exegesis

INTRODUCTION

These two surahs form a pair as far as the subject discussed in them is concerned. The first surah warns the Quraish with reference to a great incident that took place not long ago, while the second surah, urges them to fulfil the obligations ensuing from the favours they enjoy because of the Baitullaah.

Both the surahs are directed at the leadership of the Quraish.

A look at the contents of the surahs shows that, like the previous surahs, they were revealed in Mecca just before the Prophet's migration to Medina in the phase of Itmaam-i-Hujjat. In this phase of his mission, the Prophet (sws) was revealing the truth to them in its ultimate form after which they could have no excuse to deny it.

CENTRAL THEMES

The central theme of Surah Feel is to warn the rebellious and arrogant leadership of the Quraish to remain aware of the wrath of the Almighty who, not very long ago, had destroyed the enemies of the Ka`ba in front of their very eyes.

The central theme of Surah Quraish is that it is the Lord of the Baitullaah who has blessed the Quraish with the favours of peace and sustenance since they are its custodians. This magnanimity entails that they should now adopt a submissive attitude towards Him.

EXPLANATION

Surah Feel[1]

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful.

Have you not seen how your Lord dealt with the people of the elephant?[2]Did He not foil their treacherous scheme?[3]And sent down against them swarms of birds?[4]

[Such that] you pelted them with stones of baked clay, and He rendered them as straw eaten away[5].

Surah Quraish

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful.

On account of the association the Quraish have -- the association [in the peaceful atmosphere of the Baitullah] they have with the winter and summer travels[6]they should worship the Lord of this House who [in these barren mountains] fed them in hunger and rendered them secure from fear[7]