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  • The Prayer


      إِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا (103:4) Indeed, the prayer is a duty incumbent on the faithful to be discharged at appointed hours. (4:103)   The most important worship ritual of Islam is the prayer. A little deliberation shows  

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  • Importance of the Prayer


      The prayer occupies extraordinary importance in Islam. In order to understand this importance, the following aspects need to be appreciated.   (1) The Foremost Directive The prayer is the foremost directive of Islam. The status monotheism occupies in beliefs is exactly the same as the prayer occupies in deeds. It is evident fr  

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  • A Requisite for Muslim Citizenship


      The prayer is a requisite for a person to be called a Muslim. The Qur’an has made it very clear that in a Muslim state only those people can demand the rights of a Muslim who offer the prayer and pay zakah. In Surah Tawbah, the Qur’an, while launching an offensive against the Idolaters of Arabia, declared:     

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  • Means of Strong Adherence to Islam


      The prayer is a means to remaining steadfast on Islam. The Qur’an has informed us that a devil is deputed on a person who becomes indifferent to remembering the Almighty and evades Him: (43: 36) وَمَن يَعْشُ عَن ذِكْرِ الرَّحْمَنِ نُقَيِّضْ لَهُ شَيْطَانًا فَهُوَ لَ  

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  • As Eraser of Sins


      When a person stands in prayer, he renews his commitment with God that he will try to refrain from disobeying Him. As a consequence of this, he necessarily feels ashamed of the sins he has committed in between two prayers and with new vigour and determination returns to the busy routine of life to protect himself from indulging in them.  

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  • Means of Countering Hardships


      When the Jews were invited by the Qur’an to revive their covenant with the Almighty, it advised them to seek help from the prayer to discharge its responsibilities.[1] The same advice was given to the believers among the Ishmaelites as well:   يَا أَيُّهَا الّ  

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  • Symbol of True Da‘wah


      We are told by the Qur’an that true reformers are the ones who hold steadfast to the divine book as the covenant of the Almighty and as a barometer which distinguishes good from evil and are diligent in the prayer:   وَالَّذِينَ يُمَسِّكُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ وَأَقَامُواْ الص  

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  • Means of Perseverance on the Truth


      It is obvious that it is only in the companionship of the Almighty that one can persevere on the path of truth and the prayer is so close to the Almighty that it is His stand-in for us in this world. The verse (19 :96) وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ (prostrate and attain my nearness, (96:19)) refers precisely to this aspect. T  

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  • As the Nature of every Object of the Universe


      If only a person has eyes through which he can really see, there is a doubtless reality that he can observe: every particle of this universe glorifies and praises the Almighty, offers his gratitude and bows down before Him. He may not be able to understand this praise and glorification, but he can readily observe that just as the outer-s  

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  • As Real Life


      The preaching of the messengers of  Allah  has  been  called life by the Qur’an: (8:24) يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اسْتَجِيبُواْ لِلّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُم لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ (Believers! Respond to All  

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  • History of the Prayer


      The history of the prayer is as old as religion itself. The concept of prayer is present in every religion and its rituals and timings are also identifiable in these religions. The hymns sung by the Hindus, the chants of the Zoroastrians, the invocations of the Christians and the psalms of the Jews are all its remnants. The Qur’an  

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  • Objective of the Prayer


      We have been told to remember the Almighty at all times in the following verse: (33: 41-42) يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ ذِكْرًا كَثِيرًا وَسَبِّحُوهُ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلًا (Believers! Celebrate the praises of Allah in abundance and  

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  • Pre-Requisites of the Prayer


      Following are the pre-requisites of the prayer: i. A person must not be in a state of inebriation. ii. If the person is a woman, then she should not be in her state of menstruation or puerperal discharge. iii. A person must have done the ceremonial ablution (wudu) and in case of janabah or menstruation or puerperal discharge must h  

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  • Rituals of the Prayer


      Following are the rituals of the prayer which are laid down in the shari‘ah: The prayer should begin with raf‘ al-yadayn (raising high both hands); qiyam(standing upright) should ensue; it should be followed by the ruku‘ (kneeling down); qawmah(standing up after the ruku‘) should then be done; two consec  

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  • Utterances of the Prayer


      Following are the various utterances of the prayer: The prayer shall begin by saying اللهُ أكْبَر (God is the greatest); Then Surah Fatihah shall be recited during the qiyam, after which, according to one’s convenience, a portion from the rest of the Qur’an shall be recited; While going into the ruku‘,  

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  • Prayer Timings


      It is incumbent upon the Muslims to pray five times a day. The time of each prayer is as follows: fajr, zuhr, ‘asr, maghrib and ‘isha. When the whiteness of the dawn emerges from the darkness of the night, then this is fajr. When the sun starts to descend from midday, then this is zuhr. When the sun descends below the  

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  • Rak‘āt of the Prayer


      The rak‘at of the prayer which have been fixed by the shari‘ah are:   fajr: two zuhr: four ‘asr: four maghrib: three ‘isha: four   These are the obligatory rak‘at of each of these prayers, leaving which a person would be held accountable on the Day of Judgement. Thus, they must nece  

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  • Concession in the Prayer


      If the time of the prayer arrives in dangerous circumstances, the Almighty has allowed a person to pray while on foot or riding in whatever way possible. In these circumstances, it is evident that there shall be no congregational prayer, facing the qiblah shall not be necessary, and, in some situations, it shall not be possible to offer  

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  • The Congregational Prayer


      Although the prayer can be offered alone, yet the sunnah of the religion of the prophets has always been that for the purification of the collectivity, it be offered in congregation and if possible in a place of worship. For this very purpose, the Prophet (sws) built a mosque as soon as he reached Madinah and with this the practice of bu  

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  • Mosques


      The oldest mosque of the world is the Bayt al-Haram. It was built by Abraham (sws). The founder of the Jerusalem mosque is Da’ud (sws),[1]while the mosque at Madinah was built by Muhammad (sws). All these three mosques carry unique significance. The Prophet (sws) has said that it is tow  

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  • Rectifying Mistakes in the Prayer


      In case a person makes a mistake or thinks that he has made a mistake in the utterances and practices of the prayer, the amendment prescribed as a sunnah is that if amends can be made for the mistake, then they should be made and two prostrations (called “prostrations in lieu of a mistake”) should be offered before ending the  

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  • Etiquette of the Prayer


      The prayer is worshipping God and earnestly presenting one’s supplications before Him. So where the Qur’andirected Muslims to safeguard the prayer, it has said: (238:2) وَ قُوْمُوا لِِلّهِِ قَانِتِيْنْ (and stand before the Almighty with great respect, (2:238)). Following are the directives of t  

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  • The Friday Prayer


      On Fridays, it has been made incumbent upon Muslims to pray in congregation at the time of zuhr prayer and in place of it. The way prescribed by the shari‘ah for this prayer is the following: 1. There are two rak‘at of this prayer. 2. In contrast with the zuhr prayer, the recital shall not be silent. 3. The iqamah shall  

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  • The Īd Prayer


      On the days of ‘id al-adha and ‘id al-fitr, it is essential for the Muslims that they arrange a collective prayer like that of the Friday prayer. Following is its methodology: 1. This prayer shall consist of two rak‘at. 2. In both rak‘at, the Qur’an shall be recited loudly. 3. While standing in qiyam,  

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  • The Funeral Prayer


      In the religion of the prophets, the prayer for a deceased is held obligatory.[1] Once the dead body of the deceased is bathed and enshrouded, this prayer shall be offered in the following manner: People shall stand in rows behind the prayer-leader after placing the dead body between them  

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  • The Optional Prayers


      What is mentioned above constitutes the minimum amount of worship regarding the prayer which is incumbent upon the Muslims. The Qur’an (2:158) says: وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللّهَ شَاكِرٌعَلِيمٌ (he who does a virtue of his own will God will accept it and is fully aware of it)  

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Meezan Lectures - Prayer (34 videos)

These lectures are part of Online Classes taught by Javed Ahmad Ghamidi. You can watch these lectures, ask questions and take part in discussions in Online Classes

  • 22 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-1
    22 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-1
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  • 23 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-2
    23 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-2
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  • 24 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-3
    24 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-3
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  • 25 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-4
    25 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-4
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  • 26 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-5
    26 Islam: A Comprehensive Introduction (The Shari’ah of Worship Rituals) Part-5
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 01/22 - Importance of the Prayer 01
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 01/22 - Importance of the Prayer 01
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 02/22 - Importance of the Prayer 02
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 02/22 - Importance of the Prayer 02
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 03/22 - Importance of the Prayer 03
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 03/22 - Importance of the Prayer 03
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 04/22 - History of the Prayer 01
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 04/22 - History of the Prayer 01
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 05/22 - History of the Prayer 02, Objective and Pre-Requisites of the
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 05/22 - History of the Prayer 02, Objective and Pre-Requisites of the
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 06/22 - Pre-Requisites of the Prayer 02
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 06/22 - Pre-Requisites of the Prayer 02
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 07/22 - Pre-Requisites of the Prayer 03
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 07/22 - Pre-Requisites of the Prayer 03
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 08/22 – Rituals of the prayer
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 08/22 – Rituals of the prayer
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 09/22 – Utterances of the Prayer 01
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 09/22 – Utterances of the Prayer 01
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 10/22 – Utterances of the Prayer 02
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 10/22 – Utterances of the Prayer 02
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 11/22 – Utterances of the Prayer 03
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 11/22 – Utterances of the Prayer 03
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 12/22 – Prayer Timing, Rakat of the Prayer
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 12/22 – Prayer Timing, Rakat of the Prayer
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 13/22 – Concession in the prayer
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 13/22 – Concession in the prayer
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 14/22 – The Congregational Prayer (The Adhan)
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 14/22 – The Congregational Prayer (The Adhan)
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 15/22 – The Congregational Prayer (The Iqamah, Imam, Followers, Mosque
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 15/22 – The Congregational Prayer (The Iqamah, Imam, Followers, Mosque
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 16/22 – Rectifying Mistakes in the Prayer
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 16/22 – Rectifying Mistakes in the Prayer
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 17/22 – Etiquette of the Prayer 01
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 17/22 – Etiquette of the Prayer 01
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 18/22 – Etiquette of the Prayer 02
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 18/22 – Etiquette of the Prayer 02
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 19/22 – The Friday and Eid Prayers
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 19/22 – The Friday and Eid Prayers
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 20/22 – The Funeral Prayers
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 20/22 – The Funeral Prayers
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 21/22 – The Optional Prayers
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 21/22 – The Optional Prayers
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  • Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 22/22 – The Optional Prayers
    Meezan Chapter 03 Class Nimaz 22/22 – The Optional Prayers
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  • Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 162-a—History of the Prayer
    Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 162-a—History of the Prayer
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  • Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 162-b—Objective of the Prayer
    Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 162-b—Objective of the Prayer
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  • Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 162-c—Pre-Requisites of the Prayer
    Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 162-c—Pre-Requisites of the Prayer
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  • Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 169-a—Prayer Timing
    Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 169-a—Prayer Timing
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  • Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 169-b—Rakat of the Prayer
    Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 169-b—Rakat of the Prayer
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  • Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 176-a—The Friday Prayer
    Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 176-a—The Friday Prayer
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  • Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 176-b—The Eid Prayers
    Qanoon-e-Ibadaat Nimaz Lecture 176-b—The Eid Prayers
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