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Is establishment of Khilafah (caliphate)  obligatory?

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Is establishment of Khilafah (caliphate)  obligatory?

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The main objective of Islam is “Tazkia-e-nafs”. Establishment of a Muslim politics was never the objective . . Islam only deals with tazkia-e-nafs and it’s the only thing that can change the Muslims position in this world.

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Muneeb

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What about the Quranic verses of iqamat-e-deen? Don,t they suggest that it is the duty of the Muslims to establish Islamic government?

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There are two main verses of Quran which are interpreted by some of the scholar of recent times to make it obligatory on a person to make a Muslim establishment over whole world. The first verse which is often quoted by these scholars in Quran is:

He has sent His messenger with the guidance and the true religion, and will make it dominate all religions, in spite of the idol worshipers. [61:9]

This verse is regularly quoted by the scholars representing this ideology and base on it they think that it is mandatory on every Muslim to strive hard for the political empowerment over the world. The particular practice is often referred as “Fariza-e-Aqamat-e-Deen”.

The second verse which is used to support the above argument is:

[42:13] He decreed for you the same religion decreed for Noah, and what we inspired to you, and what we decreed for Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: “You shall uphold this one religion, and do not divide it.”

The last part of verse is saying that “You shall uphold this one religion, and do not divide it.” In Arabic the words are “Aqeem ud deen” and the term is quoted as to uphold the religion over whole world i.e the religion “Islam” should be uphold and implied to the government as a law in every country.

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Muneeb

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The verse which is presented is:

He has sent His messenger with the guidance and the true religion, and will make it dominate all religions, in spite of the idol worshipers. [61:9]

When a person read this verse in the proper context of Quran, he understands that this verse is telling about a particular Sunnah of Al-Mighty Allah. The sunnah of Allah refers to the fact that whenever He sends his prophets (Rasools) to people, Allah S.W.T makes them and their followers conquer the world as well as, they are assured the blessings of Al-Mighty in paradise also. It may be possible that a “Rasool” is neglected by his nation but it is the sunnah of Al-Mighty that he or his followers will most surely conquer that nation. Quran says that:

Surely, those who oppose GOD and His messenger will be with the lowliest. [58:20]
GOD has decreed: “I and My messengers will most assuredly win.” GOD is Powerful, Almighty. [58:21]

Prophet Mohammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him), was also a prophet (Rasool) of God. Hence the sunnah of Al-Mighty is same for him too. It is said:

If the disbelievers ever fought you, they would turn around and flee. They have no Lord and Master; they have no helper. [48:22]

Such is GOD’s system throughout history, and you will find that GOD’s system is unchangeable. [48:23]

The “sunnah” of God is translated to God’s system in the above verse. The question now is that how does this sunnah of God took place? The disbelievers were killed by the companions of Prophet Mohammad (may Allah’s S.W.T peace and blessings be upon him), and the promise of God came true. The same sunnah of God implies to the nation of Noah, Moses, Samood etc. It is stated in Quran that:

Tell those who disbelieved: if they stop, all their past will be forgiven. But if they return, they will incur the same fate as their previous counterparts. [8:38]

You shall fight them to ward off oppression, and to practice your religion devoted to GOD alone. If they refrain from aggression, then GOD is fully Seer of everything they do. [8:39]

Similarly the same sunnah of Al-Mighty is referred as the promise of God to His prophet and companions of prophet. It is said:

GOD promises those among you who believe and lead a righteous life, that He will make them sovereigns on earth, as He did for those before them, and will establish for them the religion He has chosen for them, and will substitute peace and security for them in place of fear. All this because they worship me alone; they never set up any idols beside Me. Those who disbelieve after this are the truly wicked. [24:55]

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Muneeb

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Hence the conecept of Aqaamat-e-Deen is not the concept of Quran but of some Muslim scholars due to the gravity of Political power and ruling over the world.

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Muneeb

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Muneeb bro your answer also clear my mind about this, thanks

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