i. Overcoming Sin


My son, give ear to the training of your father, and do not give up the teaching of your mother: For they will be a crown of grace for your head, and chain-ornaments about your neck.


My son, if sinners would take you out of the right way, do not go with them. If they say, Come with us; let us make designs against the good, waiting secretly for the upright, without cause;


Let us overcome them living, like the underworld, and in their strength, as those who go down to death; Goods of great price will be ours, our houses will be full of wealth; Take your chance with us, and we will all have one money-bag:


My son, do not go with them; keep your feet from their ways: For their feet are running after evil, and they are quick to take a man’s life. Truly, to no purpose is the net stretched out before the eyes of the bird: And they are secretly waiting for their blood and making ready destruction for themselves. Such is the fate of everyone who goes in search of profit; it takes away the life of its owners. (Proverbs, 1:8-19)


ii. Moral Benefits of Wisdom


My son, if you will take my words to your heart, storing up my laws in your mind; So that your ear gives attention to wisdom, and your heart is turned to knowledge; Truly, if you are crying out for good sense, and your request is for knowledge; If you are looking for her as for silver, and searching for her as for stored-up wealth;


Then the fear of the Lord will be clear to you, and knowledge of God will be yours. For the Lord gives wisdom; out of his mouth come knowledge and reason: He has salvation stored up for the upright, he is a breastplate to those in whom there is no evil; He keeps watch on the ways which are right, and takes care of those who have the fear of him. Then you will have knowledge of righteousness and right acting, and upright behaviour, even of every good way.


For wisdom will come into your heart, and knowledge will be pleasing to your soul; Wise purposes will be watching over you, and knowledge will keep you; Giving you salvation from the evil man, from those whose words are false; Who give up the way of righteousness, to go by dark roads; Who take pleasure in wrongdoing, and have joy in the evil designs of the sinner; Whose ways are not straight, and whose footsteps are turned to evil: To take you out of the power of the strange woman, who says smooth words with her tongue; Who is false to the husband of her early years, and does not keep the agreement of her God in mind: For her house is on the way down to death; her footsteps go down to the shades: Those who go to her do not come back again; their feet do not keep in the ways of life: So that you may go in the way of good men, and keep in the footsteps of the upright. For the upright will be living in the land, and the good will have it for their heritage. But sinners will be cut off from the land, and those whose acts are false will be uprooted. (Proverbs, 2:1-22)


iii. Wisdom bestows Well-Being


My son, keep my teaching in your memory, and my rules in your heart: For they will give you increase of days, years of life, and peace. Let not mercy and good faith go from you; let them be hanging round your neck, recorded on your heart; So you will have grace and a good name in the eyes of God and men. Put all your hope in God, not looking to your reason for support. In all your ways give ear to him, and he will make straight your footsteps.


Put no high value on your wisdom: let the fear of the Lord be before you, and keep yourself from evil: This will give strength to your flesh, and new life to your bones. Give honour to the Lord with your wealth, and with the first-fruits of all your increase: So your store-houses will be full of grain, and your vessels overflowing with new wine.


My son, do not make your heart hard against the Lord’s teaching; do not be made angry by his training: For to those who are dear to him the Lord says sharp words, and makes the son in whom he has delight undergo pain. Happy is the man who makes discovery of wisdom, and he who gets knowledge. For trading in it is better than trading in silver, and its profit greater than bright gold. She is of more value than jewels, and nothing for which you may have a desire is fair in comparison with her. Long life is in her right hand, and in her left are wealth and honour. Her ways are ways of delight, and all her goings are peace. She is a tree of life to all who take her in their hands, and happy is everyone who keeps her. The Lord by wisdom put in position the bases of the earth; by reason he put the heavens in their place. By his knowledge the deep was parted, and dew came dropping from the skies.


My son, keep good sense, and do not let wise purpose go from your eyes. So they will be life for your soul, and grace for your neck. Then you will go safely on your way, and your feet will have no cause for slipping.   When you take your rest you will have no fear, and on your bed sleep will be sweet to you.


Have no fear of sudden danger, or of the storm which will come on evil-doers: For the Lord will be your hope, and will keep your foot from being taken in the net. Do not keep back good from those who have a right to it, when it is in the power of your hand to do it. Say not to your neighbour, Go, and come again, and tomorrow I will give; when you have it by you at the time.


Do not make evil designs against your neighbour, when he is living with you without fear. Do not take up a cause at law against a man for nothing, if he has done you no wrong. Have no envy of the violent man, or take any of his ways as an example. For the wrong-hearted man is hated by the Lord, but he is a friend to the upright.


The curse of the Lord is on the house of the evil-doer, but his blessing is on the tent of the upright. He makes sport of the men of pride, but he gives grace to the gentle-hearted. The wise will have glory for their heritage, but shame will be the reward of the foolish. (Proverbs, 3:1-35)


iv. Acquire Wisdom at Any Cost


Give ear, my sons, to the teaching of a father; give attention so that you may have knowledge: For I give you good teaching; do not give up the knowledge you are getting from me. For I was a son to my father, a gentle and an only one to my mother. And he gave me teaching, saying to me, Keep my words in your heart; keep my rules so that you may have life: Get wisdom, get true knowledge; keep it in memory, do not be turned away from the words of my mouth. Do not give her up, and she will keep you; give her your love, and she will make you safe.


The first sign of wisdom is to get wisdom; go, give all you have to get true knowledge. Put her in a high place, and you will be lifted up by her; she will give you honour, when you give her your love. She will put a crown of grace on your head, giving you a head-dress of glory.


Give ear, O my son, and let your heart be open to my sayings; and long life will be yours. I have given you teaching in the way of wisdom, guiding your steps in the straight way. When you go, your way will not be narrow, and in running you will not have a fall. Take learning in your hands, do not let her go: keep her, for she is your life.


Do not go in the road of sinners, or be walking in the way of evil men. Keep far from it, do not go near; be turned from it, and go on your way. For they take no rest till they have done evil; their sleep is taken away if they have not been the cause of someone’s fall. The bread of evil-doing is their food, the wine of violent acts their drink. But the way of the upright is like the light of early morning, getting brighter and brighter till the full day.


The way of sinners is dark; they see not the cause of their fall. My son, give attention to my words; let your ear be turned to my sayings. Let them not go from your eyes; keep them deep in your heart. For they are life to him who gets them, and strength to all his flesh.


And keep watch over your heart with all care; so you will have life. Put away from you an evil tongue, and let false lips be far from you. Keep your eyes on what is in front of you, looking straight before you. Keep a watch on your behaviour; let all your ways be rightly ordered. Let there be no turning to the right or to the left, keep your feet from evil. (Proverbs, 4:1-27)


v. Warning Against Adultery


My son, give attention to my wisdom; let your ear be turned to my teaching: So that you may be ruled by a wise purpose, and your lips may keep knowledge. For honey is dropping from the lips of the strange woman, and her mouth is smoother than oil; But her end is bitter as wormwood, and sharp as a two-edged sword; Her feet go down to death, and her steps to the underworld; She never keeps her mind on the road of life; her ways are uncertain, she has no knowledge.


Give ear to me then, my sons, and do not put away my words from you. Go far away from her, do not come near the door of her house; For fear that you may give your honour to others, and your wealth to strange men: And strange men may be full of your wealth, and the fruit of your work go to the house of others; And you will be full of grief at the end of your life, when your flesh and your body are wasted; And you will say, How was teaching hated by me, and my heart put no value on training; I did not give attention to the voice of my teachers, my ear was not turned to those who were guiding me! I was in almost all evil in the company of the people.


Let water from your store and not that of others be your drink, and running water from your fountain. Let not your springs be flowing in the streets, or your streams of water in the open places. Let them be for yourself only, not for other men with you. Let blessing be on your fountain; have joy in the wife of your early years. As a loving hind and a gentle doe, let her breasts ever give you rapture; let your passion at all times be moved by her love. Why let yourself, my son, go out of the way with a strange woman, and take another woman in your arms? For a man’s ways are before the eyes of the Lord, and he puts all his goings in the scales. The evil-doer will be taken in the net of his crimes, and prisoned in the cords of his sin. He will come to his end for need of teaching; he is so foolish that he will go wandering from the right way. (Proverbs, 5:1-23)


vi. Taming the Tongue


There are some whose uncontrolled talk is like the wounds of a sword, but the tongue of the wise makes one well again.(Proverbs, 12:18)


vii. Guard thy Heart


And keep watch over your heart with all care; so you will have life.(Proverbs, 4:23)


viii. Never Give Up!


For an upright man, after falling seven times, will get up again: but trouble is the downfall of the evil.(Proverbs, 24:16)


ix. True Friendship


Perfumeand incense bring joy to the heart,and the pleasantness of a friend springs from their heartfelt advice. (Proverbs, 27:9)


x. Responsibility of Parents


If a child is trained up in the right way, even when he is old he will not be turned away from it. (Proverbs, 22:6)


xii. Miscellaneous




A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish son is a sorrow to his mother.

Wealth which comes from sin is of no profit, but righteousness gives salvation from death.

The Lord will not let the upright be in need of food, but he puts far from him the desire of the evil-doers.

He who is slow in his work becomes poor, but the hand of the ready worker gets in wealth.

He who in summer gets together his store is a son who does wisely; but he who takes his rest when the grain is being cut is a son causing shame.

Blessings are on the head of the upright, but the face of sinners will be covered with sorrow.

The memory of the upright is a blessing, but the name of the evil-doer will be turned to dust.

The wise-hearted man will let himself be ruled, but the man whose talk is foolish will have a fall.

He whose ways are upright will go safely, but he whose ways are twisted will be made low.

He who makes signs with his eyes is a cause of trouble, but he who makes a man see his errors is a cause of peace.

The mouth of the upright man is a fountain of life, but the mouth of the evil-doer is a bitter cup.

Hate is a cause of violent acts, but all errors are covered up by love.

In the lips of him who has knowledge wisdom is seen; but a rod is ready for the back of him who is without sense.

Knowledge is stored up by the wise, but the mouth of the foolish man is a destruction which is near.

The property of the man of wealth is his strong town: the poor man’s need is his destruction.

The work of the upright gives life: the increase of the evil-doer is a cause of sin.

He who takes note of teaching is a way of life, but he who gives up training is a cause of error.

Hate is covered up by the lips of the upright man, but he who lets out evil about another is foolish.

Where there is much talk there will be no end to sin, but he who keeps his mouth shut does wisely.

The tongue of the upright man is like tested silver: the heart of the evil-doer is of little value.

The lips of the upright man give food to men, but the foolish come to death for need of sense.

The blessing of the Lord gives wealth: hard work makes it no greater.

It is sport to the foolish man to do evil, but the man of good sense takes delight in wisdom.

The thing feared by the evil-doer will come to him, but the upright man will get his desire.

When the storm-wind is past, the sinner is seen no longer, but the upright man is safe for ever.

Like acid drink to the teeth and as smoke to the eyes, so is the hater of work to those who send him.

The fear of the Lord gives long life, but the years of the evil-doer will be cut short.

The hope of the upright man will give joy, but the waiting of the evil-doer will have its end in sorrow.

The way of the Lord is a strong tower for the upright man, but destruction to the workers of evil.

The upright man will never be moved, but evil-doers will not have a safe resting-place in the land.

The mouth of the upright man is budding with wisdom, but the twisted tongue will be cut off.

The lips of the upright man have knowledge of what is pleasing, but twisted are the mouths of evil-doers. (Proverbs, 10:1-32)




Scales of deceit are hated by the Lord, but a true weight is his delight.

When pride comes, there comes shame, but wisdom is with the quiet in spirit.

The righteousness of the upright will be their guide, but the twisted ways of the false will be their destruction.

Wealth is of no profit in the day of wrath, but righteousness keeps a man safe from death.

The righteousness of the good man will make his way straight, but the sin of the evil-doer will be the cause of his fall.

The righteousness of the upright will be their salvation, but the false will themselves be taken in their evil designs.

At the death of an upright man his hope does not come to an end, but the hope of the evil-doer comes to destruction.

The upright man is taken out of trouble, and in his place comes the sinner.

With his mouth the evil man sends destruction on his neighbour; but through knowledge the upright are taken out of trouble.

When things go well for the upright man, all the town is glad; at the death of sinners, there are cries of joy.

By the blessing of the upright man the town is made great, but it is overturned by the mouth of the evil-doer.

He who has a poor opinion of his neighbour has no sense, but a wise man keeps quiet.

He who goes about talking of others makes secrets public, but the true-hearted man keeps things covered.

When there is no helping suggestion the people will have a fall, but with a number of wise guides they will be safe.

He who makes himself responsible for a strange man will undergo much loss; but the hater of such undertakings will be safe.

A woman who is full of grace is honoured, but a woman hating righteousness is a seat of shame: those hating work will undergo loss, but the strong keep their wealth.

The man who has mercy will be rewarded, but the cruel man is the cause of trouble to himself.

The sinner gets the payment of deceit; but his reward is certain who puts in the seed of righteousness.

So righteousness gives life; but he who goes after evil gets death for himself.

The uncontrolled are hated by the Lord, but those whose ways are without error are his delight.

Certainly the evil-doer will not go free from punishment, but the seed of the upright man will be safe.

Like a ring of gold in the nose of a pig, is a beautiful woman who has no sense.

The desire of the upright man is only for good, but wrath is waiting for the evil-doer.

A man may give freely, and still his wealth will be increased; and another may keep back more than is right, but only comes to be in need.

He who gives blessing will be made fat, but the curser will himself be cursed.

He who keeps back grain will be cursed by the people; but a blessing will be on the head of him who lets them have it for a price. 

He who, with all his heart, goes after what is good is searching for grace; but he who is looking for trouble will get it.

He who puts his faith in wealth will come to nothing; but the upright man will be full of growth like the green leaf.

The troubler of his house will have the wind for his heritage, and the foolish will be servant to the wise-hearted.

The fruit of righteousness is a tree of life, but violent behaviour takes away souls.

If the upright man is rewarded on earth, how much more the evil-doer and the sinner! (Proverbs, 11:1-31)




A lover of training is a lover of knowledge; but a hater of teaching is like a beast.

A good man has grace in the eyes of the Lord; but the man of evil designs gets punishment from him.

No man will make himself safe through evil-doing; but the root of upright men will never be moved.

A woman of virtue is a crown to her husband; but she whose behaviour is a cause of shame is like a wasting disease in his bones.

The purposes of upright men are right, but the designs of evil-doers are deceit.

The words of sinners are destruction for the upright; but the mouth of upright men is their salvation.

Evil-doers are overturned and never seen again, but the house of upright men will keep its place.

A man will be praised in the measure of his wisdom, but a wrong-minded man will be looked down on.

He who is of low position and has a servant, is better than one who has a high opinion of himself and is in need of bread.

An upright man has thought for the life of his beast, but the hearts of evil-doers are cruel.

He who does work on his land will not be short of bread; but he who goes after foolish men is without sense.

The resting-place of the sinner will come to destruction, but the root of upright men is for ever.

In the sin of the lips is a net which takes the sinner, but the upright man will come out of trouble.

From the fruit of his mouth will a man have good food in full measure, and the work of a man’s hands will be rewarded.

The way of the foolish man seems right to him? but the wise man gives ear to suggestions.

A foolish man lets his trouble be openly seen, but a sharp man keeps shame secret.

The breathing out of true words gives knowledge of righteousness; but a false witness gives out deceit.

There are some whose uncontrolled talk is like the wounds of a sword, but the tongue of the wise makes one well again.

True lips are certain for ever, but a false tongue is only for a minute.

Deceit is in the heart of those whose designs are evil, but for those purposing peace there is joy.

No trouble will come to upright men, but sinners will be full of evil. False lips are hated by the Lord, but those whose acts are true are his delight.

A sharp man keeps back his knowledge; but the heart of foolish men makes clear their foolish thoughts.

The hand of the ready worker will have authority, but he who is slow in his work will be put to forced work.

Care in the heart of a man makes it weighted down, but a good word makes it glad.

The upright man is a guide to his neighbour, but the way of evil-doers is a cause of error to them.

He who is slow in his work does not go in search of food; but the ready worker gets much wealth. In the road of righteousness is life, but the way of the evil-doer goes to death. (Proverbs, 12:1-28)




Wisdom is building her house, but the foolish woman is pulling it down with her hands.

He who goes on his way in righteousness has before him the fear of the Lord; but he whose ways are twisted gives him no honour.

In the mouth of the foolish man is a rod for his back, but the lips of the wise will keep them safe.

Where there are no oxen, their food-place is clean; but much increase comes through the strength of the ox.

A true witness does not say what is false, but a false witness is breathing out deceit.

The hater of authority, searching for wisdom, does not get it; but knowledge comes readily to the open-minded man.

Go away from the foolish man, for you will not see the lips of knowledge.

The wisdom of the man of good sense makes his way clear; but the unwise behaviour of the foolish is deceit.

In the tents of those hating authority there is error, but in the house of the upright man there is grace.

No one has knowledge of a man’s grief but himself; and a strange person has no part in his joy.

The house of the sinner will be overturned, but the tent of the upright man will do well.

There is a way which seems straight before a man, but its end is the ways of death.

Even while laughing the heart may be sad; and after joy comes sorrow.

He whose heart is turned away will have the reward of his ways in full measure; but a good man will have the reward of his doings.

The simple man has faith in every word, but the man of good sense gives thought to his footsteps.

The wise man, fearing, keeps himself from evil; but the foolish man goes on in his pride, with no thought of danger.

He who is quickly angry will do what is foolish, but the man of good sense will have quiet.

Foolish behaviour is the heritage of the simple, but men of good sense are crowned with knowledge.

The knees of the evil are bent before the good; and sinners go down in the dust at the doors of the upright.

The poor man is hated even by his neighbour, but the man of wealth has numbers of friends.

He who has no respect for his neighbour is a sinner, but he who has pity for the poor is happy.

Will not the designers of evil come into error? But mercy and good faith are for the designers of good.

In all hard work there is profit, but talk only makes a man poor. Their wisdom is a crown to the wise, but their foolish behaviour is round the head of the unwise.

A true witness is the saviour of lives; but he who says false things is a cause of deceit.

For him in whose heart is the fear of the Lord there is strong hope: and his children will have a safe place.

The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life, by which one may be turned from the nets of death.

A king’s glory is in the number of his people: and for need of people a ruler may come to destruction.

He who is slow to be angry has great good sense; but he whose spirit is over-quick gives support to what is foolish.

A quiet mind is the life of the body, but envy is a disease in the bones.

He who is hard on the poor puts shame on his Maker; but he who has mercy on those who are in need gives him honour.

The sinner is overturned in his evil-doing, but the upright man has hope in his righteousness.

Wisdom has her resting-place in the mind of the wise, but she is not seen among the foolish.

By righteousness a nation is lifted up, but sin is a cause of shame to the peoples.

The king has pleasure in a servant who does wisely, but his wrath is against him who is a cause of shame.(Proverbs, 14:1-35)




  By a soft answer wrath is turned away, but a bitter word is a cause of angry feelings.

Knowledge is dropping from the tongue of the wise; but from the mouth of the foolish comes a stream of foolish words.

The eyes of the Lord are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.

A comforting tongue is a tree of life, but a twisted tongue is a crushing of the spirit.

A foolish man puts no value on his father’s training; but he who has respect for teaching has good sense.

In the house of the upright man there is a great store of wealth; but in the profits of the sinner there is trouble.

The lips of the wise keep knowledge, but the heart of the foolish man is not right.

The offering of the evil-doer is disgusting to the Lord, but the prayer of the upright man is his delight.

The way of the evil-doer is disgusting to the Lord, but he who goes after righteousness is dear to him.

There is bitter punishment for him who is turned from the way; and death will be the fate of the hater of teaching.

Before the Lord are the underworld and destruction: how much more, then, the hearts of the children of men!

The hater of authority has no love for teaching: he will not go to the wise.

A glad heart makes a shining face, but by the sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

The heart of the man of good sense goes in search of knowledge, but foolish things are the food of the unwise.

All the days of the troubled are evil; but he whose heart is glad has an unending feast.

Better is a little with the fear of the Lord, than great wealth together with trouble.

Better is a simple meal where love is, than a fat ox and hate with it.

An angry man makes men come to blows, but he who is slow to get angry puts an end to fighting.

Thorns are round the way of the hater of work; but the road of the hard worker becomes a highway.

A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish man has no respect for his mother.

Foolish behaviour is joy to the unwise; but a man of good sense makes his way straight.

Where there are no wise suggestions, purposes come to nothing; but by a number of wise guides they are made certain.

A man has joy in the answer of his mouth: and a word at the right time, how good it is!

Acting wisely is the way of life, guiding a man away from the underworld.

The house of the man of pride will be uprooted by the Lord, but he will make safe the heritage of the widow.

Evil designs are disgusting to the Lord, but the words of the clean-hearted are pleasing.

He whose desires are fixed on profit is a cause of trouble to his family; but he who has no desire for offerings will have life.

The heart of the upright gives thought to his answer; but from the mouth of the evil-doer comes a stream of evil things.

The Lord is far from sinners, but his ear is open to the prayer of the upright.

The light of the eyes is a joy to the heart, and good news makes the bones fat.

The man whose ear is open to the teaching of life will have his place among the wise.

He who will not be controlled by training has no respect for his soul, but he who gives ear to teaching will get wisdom.

The fear of the Lord is the teaching of wisdom; and a low opinion of oneself goes before honour. (Proverbs, 15:1-33)




Better a bit of dry bread in peace, than a house full of feasting and violent behaviour.

A servant who does wisely will have rule over a son causing shame, and will have his part in the heritage among brothers.

The heating-pot is for silver and the oven-fire for gold, but the Lord is the tester of hearts.

A wrongdoer gives attention to evil lips, and a man of deceit gives ear to a damaging tongue.

Whoever makes sport of the poor puts shame on his Maker; and he who is glad because of trouble will not go free from punishment.

Children’s children are the crown of old men, and the glory of children is their fathers.

Fair words are not to be looked for from a foolish man, much less are false lips in a ruler.

An offering of money is like a stone of great price in the eyes of him who has it: wherever he goes, he does well.

He who keeps a sin covered is looking for love; but he who keeps on talking of a thing makes division between friends.

A word of protest goes deeper into one who has sense than a hundred blows into a foolish man.

An uncontrolled man is only looking for trouble, so a cruel servant will be sent against him.

It is better to come face to face with a bear whose young ones have been taken away than with a foolish man acting foolishly.

If anyone gives back evil for good, evil will never go away from his house.

The start of fighting is like the letting out of water: so give up before it comes to blows.

He who gives a decision for the evil-doer and he who gives a decision against the upright, are equally disgusting to the Lord.

How will money in the hand of the foolish get him wisdom, seeing that he has no sense?

A friend is loving at all times, and becomes a brother in times of trouble.

A man without sense gives his hand in an agreement, and makes himself responsible before his neighbour.

The lover of fighting is a lover of sin: he who makes high his doorway is looking for struction.

Nothing good comes to him whose heart is fixed on evil purposes: and he who has an evil tongue will come to trouble.

He who has an unwise son gets sorrow for himself, and the father of a foolish son has no joy.

A glad heart makes a healthy body, but a crushed spirit makes the bones dry.

A sinner takes an offering out of his robe, to get a decision for himself in a cause.

Wisdom is before the face of him who has sense; but the eyes of the foolish are on the ends of the earth.

A foolish son is a grief to his father, and bitter pain to her who gave him birth.

To give punishment to the upright is not good, or to give blows to the noble for their righteousness.

He who has knowledge says little: and he who has a calm spirit is a man of good sense.

Even the foolish man, when he keeps quiet, is taken to be wise: when his lips are shut he is credited with good sense (Proverbs, 17:1-28)




He who keeps himself separate for his private purpose goes against all good sense.

A foolish man has no pleasure in good sense, but only to let what is in his heart come to light.

When the evil-doer comes, a low opinion comes with him, and with the loss of honour comes shame.

The words of a man’s mouth are like deep waters: the fountain of wisdom is like a flowing stream.

To have respect for the person of the evil-doer is not good, or to give a wrong decision against the upright.

A foolish man’s lips are a cause of fighting, and his mouth makes him open to blows.

The mouth of a foolish man is his destruction, and his lips are a net for his soul.

The words of one who says evil of his neighbour secretly are like sweet food, and go down into the inner parts of the stomach.

He who does not give his mind to his work is brother to him who makes destruction.

The name of the Lord is a strong tower: the upright man running into it is safe.

The property of a man of wealth is his strong town, and it is as a high wall in the thoughts of his heart.

Before destruction the heart of man is full of pride, and before honour goes a gentle spirit.

To give an answer before hearing is a foolish thing and a cause of shame.

The spirit of a man will be his support when he is ill; but how may a broken spirit be lifted up?

The heart of the man of good sense gets knowledge; the ear of the wise is searching for knowledge.

A man’s offering makes room for him, letting him come before great men.

The man who first puts his cause before the judge seems to be in the right; but then his neighbour comes and puts his cause in its true light.

The decision of chance puts an end to argument, parting the strong.

A brother wounded is like a strong town, and violent acts are like a locked tower.

With the fruit of a man’s mouth his stomach will be full; the produce of his lips will be his in full measure.

Death and life are in the power of the tongue; and those to whom it is dear will have its fruit for their food.

Whoever gets a wife gets a good thing, and has the approval of the Lord.

The poor man makes requests for grace, but the man of wealth gives a rough answer.

There are friends who may be a man’s destruction, but there is a lover who keeps nearer than a brother. (Proverbs, 18:1-24)




Better is the poor man whose ways are upright, than the man of wealth whose ways are twisted.

Further, without knowledge desire is not good; and he who is over-quick in acting goes out of the right way.

By his foolish behaviour a man’s ways are turned upside down, and his heart is bitter against the Lord.

Wealth makes a great number of friends; but the poor man is parted from his friend.

A false witness will not go without punishment, and the breather out of deceit will not go free.

Great numbers will make attempts to get the approval of a ruler: and every man is the special friend of him who has something to give.

All the brothers of the poor man are against him: how much more do his friends go far from him!

He who gets wisdom has love for his soul: he who keeps good sense will get what is truly good.

A false witness will not go without punishment, and the breather out of deceit will be cut off.

Material comfort is not good for the foolish; much less for a servant to be put over rulers.

A man’s good sense makes him slow to wrath, and the overlooking of wrongdoing is his glory.

The king’s wrath is like the loud cry of a lion, but his approval is like dew on the grass.

A foolish son is the destruction of his father; and the bitter arguments of a wife are like drops of rain falling without end.

House and wealth are a heritage from fathers, but a wife with good sense is from the Lord.

Hate of work sends deep sleep on a man: and he who has no industry will go without food.

He who keeps the law keeps his soul; but death will be the fate of him who takes no note of the word.

He who has pity on the poor gives to the Lord, and the Lord will give him his reward.

Give your son training while there is hope; let not your heart be purposing his death.

A man of great wrath will have to take his punishment: for if you get him out of trouble you will have to do it again.

Let your ear be open to suggestion and take teaching, so that at the end you may be wise.

A man’s heart may be full of designs, but the purpose of the Lord is unchanging.

The ornament of a man is his mercy, and a poor man is better than one who is false.

The fear of the Lord gives life: and he who has it will have need of nothing; no evil will come his way.

The hater of work puts his hand deep into the basin, and will not even take it to his mouth again.

When blows overtake the man of pride, the simple will get sense; say sharp words to the wise, and knowledge will be made clear to him.

He who is violent to his father, driving away his mother, is a son causing shame and a bad name.

A son who no longer gives attention to teaching is turned away from the words of knowledge.

A good-for-nothing witness makes sport of the judge’s decision: and the mouth of evil-doers sends out evil like a stream.

Rods are being made ready for the man of pride, and blows for the back of the foolish. (Proverbs, 19:1-29)




Wine makes men foolish, and strong drink makes men come to blows; and whoever comes into error through these is not wise.

The wrath of a king is like the loud cry of a lion: he who makes him angry does wrong against himself.

It is an honour for a man to keep from fighting, but the foolish are ever at war.

The hater of work will not do his ploughing because of the winter; so at the time of grain-cutting he will be requesting food and will get nothing.

The purpose in the heart of a man is like deep water, but a man of good sense will get it out.

Most men make no secret of their kind acts: but where is a man of good faith to be seen?

An upright man goes on in his righteousness: happy are his children after him!

A king on the seat of judging puts to flight all evil with his eyes.

Who is able to say, I have made my heart clean, I am free from my sin?

Unequal weights and unequal measures, they are all disgusting to the Lord.

Even a child may be judged by his doings, if his work is free from sin and if it is right.

The hearing ear and the seeing eye are equally the Lord’s work.

Do not be a lover of sleep, or you will become poor: keep your eyes open, and you will have bread enough.

A poor thing, a poor thing, says he who is giving money for goods: but when he has gone on his way, then he makes clear his pride in what he has got.

There is gold and a store of corals: but the lips of knowledge are a jewel of great price.

Take a man’s clothing if he makes himself responsible for a strange man, and get an undertaking from him who gives his word for strange men.

Bread of deceit is sweet to a man; but after, his mouth will be full of sand.

Every purpose is put into effect by wise help: and by wise guiding make war.

He who goes about talking of the business of others gives away secrets: so have nothing to do with him whose lips are open wide.

If anyone puts a curse on his father or his mother, his light will be put out in the blackest night.

A heritage may be got quickly at first, but the end of it will not be a blessing.

Do not say, I will give punishment for evil: go on waiting for the Lord, and he will be your saviour.

Unequal weights are disgusting to the Lord, and false scales are not good.

A man’s steps are of the Lord; how then may a man have knowledge of his way?

It is a danger to a man to say without thought, It is holy, and, after taking his oaths, to be questioning if it is necessary to keep them.

A wise king puts evil-doers to flight, and makes their evil-doing come back on them.

The Lord keeps watch over the spirit of man, searching all the deepest parts of the body.

Mercy and good faith keep the king safe, and the seat of his power is based on upright acts.

The glory of young men is their strength, and the honour of old men is their grey hairs.

By the wounds of the rod evil is taken away, and blows make clean the deepest parts of the body. (Proverbs, 20:1-30)




The king’s heart in the hands of the Lord is like the water streams, and by him it is turned in any direction at his pleasure.

Every way of a man seems right to himself, but the Lord is the tester of hearts.

To do what is right and true is more pleasing to the Lord than an offering.

A high look and a heart of pride, of the evil-doer is sin.

The purposes of the man of industry have their outcome only in wealth; but one who is over-quick in acting will only come to be in need.

He who gets stores of wealth by a false tongue, is going after what is only breath, and searching for death.

By their violent acts the evil-doers will be pulled away, because they have no desire to do what is right.

Twisted is the way of him who is full of crime; but as for him whose heart is clean, his work is upright.

It is better to be living in an angle of the house-top, than with a bitter-tongued woman in a wide house.

The desire of the evil-doer is fixed on evil: he has no kind feeling for his neighbour.

When the man of pride undergoes punishment, the simple man gets wisdom; and by watching the wise he gets knowledge.

The Upright One, looking on the house of the evil-doer, lets sinners be overturned to their destruction.

He whose ears are stopped at the cry of the poor, will himself get no answer to his cry for help.

By a secret offering wrath is turned away, and the heat of angry feelings by money in the folds of the robe.

It is a joy to the good man to do right, but it is destruction to the workers of evil.

The wanderer from the way of knowledge will have his resting-place among the shades.

The lover of pleasure will be a poor man: the lover of wine and oil will not get wealth.

The evil-doer will be given as a price for the life of the good man, and the worker of deceit in the place of the upright.

It is better to be living in a waste land, than with a bitter-tongued and angry woman.

There is a store of great value in the house of the wise, but it is wasted by the foolish man.

He who goes after righteousness and mercy will get life, righteousness, and honour.

A wise man goes up into the town of the strong ones, and overcomes its strength in which they put their faith.

He who keeps watch over his mouth and his tongue keeps his soul from troubles.

The man of pride, lifted up in soul, is named high-hearted; he is acting in an outburst of pride.

The desire of the hater of work is death to him, for his hands will do no work.

All the day the sinner goes after his desire: but the upright man gives freely, keeping nothing back.

The offering of evil-doers is disgusting: how much more when they give it with an evil purpose!

A false witness will be cut off, The evil-doer makes his face hard, but as for the upright, he gives thought to his way.

Wisdom and knowledge and wise suggestions are of no use against the Lord.

The horse is made ready for the day of war, but power to overcome is from the Lord. (Proverbs, 21:1-31)




A good name is more to be desired than great wealth, and to be respected is better than silver and gold.

The man of wealth and the poor man come face to face: the Lord is the maker of them all.

The sharp man sees the evil and takes cover: the simple go straight on and get into trouble.

The reward of a gentle spirit and the fear of the Lord is wealth and honour and life.

Thorns and nets are in the way of the twisted: he who keeps watch over his soul will be far from them.

If a child is trained up in the right way, even when he is old he will not be turned away from it.

The man of wealth has rule over the poor, and he who gets into debt is a servant to his creditor.

By planting the seed of evil a man will get in the grain of sorrow, and the rod of his wrath will be broken.

He who is kind will have a blessing, for he gives of his bread to the poor.

Send away the man of pride, and argument will go out; truly fighting and shame will come to an end.

He whose heart is clean is dear to the Lord; for the grace of his lips the king will be his friend.

The eyes of the Lord keep knowledge, but by him the acts of the false man will be overturned.

The hater of work says, There is a lion outside: I will be put to death in the streets.

The mouth of strange women is a deep hole: he with whom the Lord is angry will go down into it.

Foolish ways are deep-seated in the heart of a child, but the rod of punishment will send them far from him.

He who is cruel to the poor for the purpose of increasing his profit, and he who gives to the man of wealth, will only come to be in need. (Proverbs, 22:1-16)