(for ‘Hist. Of Jerusalem’)



Compton’s Enc.Chicago: Compton’s Learning Co., 1989, s.v. ‘jerusalem’ (12:99-102).

Enc.  Americana. Connecticut: Grolier Incorpora-ted, 1986, s.v. ‘Jerusalem’, by J. L. Kraemer, Tel Aviv University, 16:26-32.

Enc. of Islam, New (1986) edn., s.v. ‘al-Kuds’ by O. Grabar, Harvard Univ.

Enc. of JudaismSecond (2005) edn. Leiden: Brill, s.v. ‘Jerusalem in Judaism’, by Mayer Gruber (2:1201-1211).

Enc. of Religion, Second (2005) edn. USA: Thompson Gale, s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ by Reuven Firestone.

Grolier Academic Enc., 1985 (11:399-401).

Illustrated World Enc.NY: Illustrated World Enc., Inc.,1969 (12:2903-05).  

International Standard Bible Enc.(Version 1.0 © 1997). Albany, ORUSA: AGESSoftware, s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ (6:180-250).

Jewish Enc.NY: KTAV Publishing House, INC., 1901 (7:118-57).

Merit Students Enc. USA: Crowell-Collier Educational Corporation, 1967 edn., s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ by Donald N. Wilber (10:158-162).

–––––Year Book 1973, s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ by Abba Eban (p. 46-55).

New Book of Knowledge, The Cildren’s Enc.NY: Grolier Inc., 1970 (10:78-81).

New Caxton Enc. London: Caxton Pubg. Co., 1973, s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ (11:3420-22).

New Enc. Britannica, Macropaedia. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1982, s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ by Stewart Henry Perowne (10:138-44).

New Standard Enc. Chicago: Standard Educatioinal Corp., date etc. have been recorded in Vol. I only, which is not available (7:J-52 to J-55).

Universal World Reference Enc. Chicago, Illinois: Consolidated Book Publishers, 1964 (8:2709-10).

al-Suwaidan, Dr. Tariq. Falastine, al-Tarikh al-Musawwar. al-Ibda’ al-Fikri, Kuwait, 2004 (84-86).

Jerusalem. Keter Books, Israel Pocvket Library, 5 (1973).

Jamie Scott & Paul simpsom-Housley. Sacred Places and Profane Spaces. NY: Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881, 1991.

Islamic Studies(Special. Issue on ‘Jerusalem’), Vol. 40: Nos. 3,4 Autumn-Winter, 2001. Ed. Dr. Zafar Ishaq Ansari, Guest ed. Salma Khadra Jayyusi. Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University.



OxfordBible Atlas. Ed. Herbert G. May. Oxford: Oxf. Univ. Press, 1984.

New Bible Atlas. Ed. J. J. Bimson and J. P. Kane. Leicester: I.V. Press, 1985.

Terrien, Samuel. Lands of the Bible. Wisconsin: Western Pblg. Co. Inc., 1957.

Magi, Giovanna. Jerusalem. Florence: Casa Editrice Bonechi, 1992.


Dictionaries, etc:

Fausset’s Bible Dic.(Version 1.0 © 2000). Albany, OR USA: AGES Software, s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ (2:417-51).

Interpreter’s Dic. of the Bible(2000). Nashville: Abingdon Press, s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ by M. Burrows (2:843-66).

McKenzie,John L. Dic. of the Bible. London: Geoffrey Chapman (1984), s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ (426-31).

Smith, William. Dic. of the Bible. Michigan: Regency Reference Library, Zondervan Pblg House, Grand Rapids (1967), s.v. ‘Jerusalem’ (292-305).

Illustrated Bible Dic. Inter-Varsity Press (1980). S.v. ‘Jerusalem’ by D.F. Payne, London Bible College, (2:752-60).