(a)The Bible, Translations and Versions:

S. No           NAME OF THE BOOK           ABBREVIATIONS

1 Authorized/ King James Version. AV=KJV
2 The Christian Community Bible. Manila: Divine Word Publ., 1988. CCB
3 Contemporary English Version. NY: American Bible Society, 1995. CEV
4 Easy-to-Read Version. Texas: World Bible Trans. Center, Inc Fort Worth, 2000. Easy-to-Read
5 Good News Bible [Today's Eng Version]. NY: American Bible Society, 1982. GNB/TEV
6 Good News Bible (Revised Edn.) Minto: The Bible Society in Australia Inc, NSW 2566, 1994. GNB Rvd. .
7 Greek New Testament. Greek.NT
8 The Holy Scriptures Heb. & English (Hebrew OT with Eng. Tr.). Middlesex: The Society for Distributing Heb. Scriptures, nd. Heb.OT
9 The Living Bible Illinois: Tyndale House Publrs., 1976. LB
10 James Moffatt. A New Trans. of Bible. London: Hodder & Stoughton, Ltd, 1941. Moffatt
11 The Torah, The Masoretic Text. Jewish Publication. Society of America. MT
12 New American Bible, Catholic Bibl. Association, 1991. NAB
13 The New American Standard Bible. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1977. NASB
14 The New English Bible. Oxford: Univ. Press, 1985. NEB
15 New International Version. London, 1984. NIV
16 The New Jerusalem Bible, Standard Edition. Bombay: St. Pauls, 1993. NJB
17 The New King James Version. The Gideons International,1985. NKJV
18 New Living Translation: Award Bible. Ed./Tr. A Huge Team of Tr. Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. Wheaton, 1996. NLT
19 The New Oxford Annotated Bible, with Apocrypha. Ed Bruce M. Metzger, R. E. Murphy. NY: Oxford Univ Press, 1989. NOAB
20 New Revd. Stand. Version, Catholic. Edn. for India, 1993. NRSV
21 New World Trans. of the Scriptures. NY: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, 1984. NWTS
22 The NT, Standard Edn. Tr. Conor Murphy. Limuru. Kenya: Paulines Publications Africa, 1995. NTSEdn
23 The OT books of poetry 26 trans. Ed. Curtis Vaughan. Michigan: Zondervan B Publi-shers, Grand Rapids, 1981. 26 TransOTPoetry
24 The Tr. from Peshitta (The Authorized B. of the Church of the East), 1957. Peshitta
25 The Reader's Digest Bible. London; The Reader's Digest Association Ltd, 1995. RDB
26 Revd Berkeley Version. Gideon International, 1974. RBerkleyV
27 Revd. Standard Version. UK: The B.F.B.S., 1974. RSV





1 An American Com. on the NT. Ed. Alvah Hovey. Phila-delphia: American Baptist Publication Society, 1886.
2 William Barclay. The Daily Study Bible. Bangalore: TPI,1995.
3 William MacDonald. Believers Bible Com. (NT). Kansas: A & O Press, PO Box 8550, Wichita, 1989.
4 The Bible Knowledge Com. Ed. John F. Walvoord, Roy B. Zuck. Illinois: Victor Books, Wheaton, 1986.
5 Broadman Bible Com. Tennessee: Broadman Press, 1971.
6 The Collegeville Bible Com (OT). Gen. Ed. Dianne Bergant. Minnesota: The Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 1992.
7 A Commentary on the Holy Bible. Ed. J. R. Dummelow. The Macmillan Co., 1956.
8 The Expositor's Bible (25 Vols). Ed. W. Robertson Nicoll. NY: A. C. Armstrong & Son, 3 & 5 West 18th Street, 1903.
9 John Fawcett, D.D. The Devotional Family Bible. London: Baldwin, New Bridge Str., 1811.
10 James Comper Gray and George M. Adams. Bible Com. Michigan: Zondervan Pblg. House, Grand Rapids, na.
11 The Pentateuch and Haftorahs. Ed. Dr. J. H. Hertz. London: Soncino Press, 1979. Hertz,
12 The International Bible Commentary. Ed. William R. Farmer et al. Bangalore: TPI, 2004.
13 Rev. S. R. Driver. The International Critical Com. (a Critical & Exegetical C. on Deu.). Edinburgh: T. & T. Clarke, 1895.
14 The Interpreter's Bible. Ed. George Arthur Buttrick. NY: Abingdon Cokisbury Press, Nashville, 1952.
15 Dr. I. W. Slotki. Isaiah, London: The Soncino Press, 1949.
16 The Jerome Biblical Com. Ed. Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, Roland E. Murphy. Bangalore: TPI, 1987.
17 Ronald A. Knox. The Holy Bible Tr. From Latin Vulgate. London: Burns & Oates, Macmillan & Co Ltd, 1957.
18 Ronald A. Knox. A NT Commentary for English Readers. London: Burns Oates & Washbourne Ltd, 1955.
19 The Learning Bible: Contemporary English Version. NY: American Bible Society, 2000.
20 Matthew Henry. A Commentary on the Holy Bible. London: Ward, Lock & Co, Warwick House, Salisbury Square, E.C.
21 W. Gunther Plaut, Bernard J. Bamberger. The Torah, A Modern Com. NY: Union of American Heb Congregations, 1981.
22 Nelson Study Bible. Ed Earl D Radmacher. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Pub, 1997.
23 The New Bible Com. Ed. by F. Davidson etc. Michigan: W M. B. Eerdmans Publg. Co., Grand Rapids, 1953.
24 D. Guthrie, J. A. Motyer, etc. The New Bible Commentary Revised Edn. London: Inter-Versity Press, 1972.
25 A New Catholic Com. on Holy Scripture. Ed. Rev. Reginald C. Fuller. Surrey:Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd, 1981.
26 A New Commentary on Holy Scripture. Ed. Charles Gore, H. L. Goudge, Alf. Guillaume. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1928.
27 New Jerome Bible Com. Ed. Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, Roland E. Murphy. Bangalore: TPI, 1994.
28 NIV Study Bible. Ed. Kenneth Barker etc. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing. House, 1995.
29 The Open Bible (Expanded Edn). Ed na. NY: Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, 1985.
30 Peake's Commentary on the Bible. Ed, Matthew Black, H. H. Rowley. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd, 1967.
31 Pocket Bible Com. William Neil. HarperSanFrancisco, 1975.
32 The Pulpit Commentary. Ed. Rev. HDM Spence DD, Dean of Gloucester & Rev. Joseph S. Excell. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd, 1897.
33 Thomas Scott, Rector of the Aston Sanford, Bucks. Scott's Bible. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co, 1857.
34 Seventh-day Adventist Bible Com. Ed. Francis D. Nichol. Hagerstown: Review & Herald Pblg Association, 1978.
35 A Jewish Com. 'The Soncino Chumash'. Ed. The Rev. Dr. A. Cohen. Surrey: The Soncino Press, Hindhead,1950.
36 Dr. Frank Charles Thompson. Thompson Chain Ref Bible (5th Ed.). Bangalore: The Bible Society of India, 1988.
37 Lawrence O. Richard. Victor. Bible Background Com. (NT). Colorado, 80918, USA: Victor Books/SP Publ., Inc., 2003.
38 Marvin R. Vincent. Word Studies in NT. Michigan: WM. B. Eerdmans Publishing. Co, Grand Rapids, 1946.
39 Warren W. Wiersbe. Wiersbe's Expository Outlines on the NT. Colorado 80918, USA: SP Pubns., Inc., Cook Communications Ministries, 2003.
40 The Wycliffe Bible Com. Ed. Charles F. Pfieffer (OT), Everett F. Harri-son (NT). Chicago: Moody Press, 1983.




1 Adv Learner's Enc. Dic. Ed. Jonathan Crowther. Oxford Univ. Press, 1994.
2 The Enc. Americana International Edn. (in 30 Vols.). Connecticut: Grolier Incorporated, Danbury, 1987.
3 Arabic-English Dictionary. Maan Zulfu Madina. NY: Pocket Books, 1973.
4 Enc. Biblica. Ed. Rev. T.K. Cheyne. London: Watts & Co. 1899.
5 Enc. Britannica (15th Edn.). Chicago: the Univ of Chicago, 1988.
6 The Chambers Dic. Ed. Catherine Schwarz. Edinburgh: Chambers Harrap Pub. Ltd., 1995.
7 Chambers Essential English Dictionary. 1998.
8 F. L. Cross. The Oxf. Dic. of the Christian Church. London: Oxf Univ Press, 1974.
9 Colliers Enc. (24 Vols.). NY, 1995.
10 Rev. James L. Dow. Collins Gem Dic. of Bible. London & Glasgow: Collins, 1974
11 Easton's 1897 Bible Dic. in "Power Bible" CD. ROM Version.
12 Harper's Bible Dic. Ed. Paul J. Achtemeier. Bangalore: Theological Publications in India, 1994.
13 A Dic. of the Bible. Ed. James Hastings. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1904. Hastings
14 Dic. of Bible Ed. James Hastings, Rvd. Edn. By Frederick C. Grant & H. H. Rowley. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1963.
15 Holman Concise Topical Concordance. Tennessee, USA: Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, 1998.
16 Holman Topical Concordance. Philadelphia, USA: A. J. Holman Co., 1973..
17 The Illustrated Bible Dic. Ed. J. D. Douglas, Rvn. Ed. N. Hillyer. Inter-Versity Press, 1980.
18 International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, OR USA: Books For The Ages, AGES Software, Versioin 1.0 169 1997
19 The Interpreter's Dic. of Bible. (5 Vol). Ed. George Arthur Buttrick. NY: Abington Press, Nashville, 1962.
20 The Enc. of Islam (New Edn.). Ed. E. Van Donzel, B. Lewis, C. E. Bosworth. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1978.
21 The Jewish Enc. Mng. Ed. Dr Isidore Singer. NY: KTAV Pub House, Inc.,1901.
22 Enc. Judaica-CD-ROM-Ed. Version 1.0, Copyright 1997. Judaica Multimedia (Israel) Ltd.
23 The Lion Handbook to the Bible. Ed. David & Pat Alexander. Herts, England: Lion Publishing plc, 1986
24 Longman Dic. of Eng. Language & Culture. Essex: Longman Group UK Ltd, 1992 Longman Dic.
25 Master Study Bible, NAS, Enc, Concordance, a Harmony of the Gospels, etc. Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers, 1977.
26 JL McKenzie's Dic. of Bible, London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1984.
27 A Dic. of Modern Written Arabic. Ed. J. Milton Cowan. London: Macdonald & Evans Ltd, 1980.
28 New Bible Dic. (II Ed.). N. Hillyer (Revision Edn.). Leicestor: Inter-Varsity Press, Eng., 1986.
29 The New Shorter Oxford English Dic., 1993
30 The New Standard Enc & World Atlas With an Introduction by The Rev. C.A. Alington, D.D., Hm of Eton. Prepared under the general editorship of J. M. Parrish, M.A. (Oxon), John R. Crossland, F.R.G.S., & A. W. Holland, managing ed. of the Enc. Britannica (13th Edn); with the specialist assistance of George Somerville, MD, DPM.; John S. Linnell, B.A. (Oxon); K. M. Gadd, M.A. (Oxon & London); C. H. Knowles, B.Sc. (London); the Rev. Eric Dixon, M.C., B.A., B.D. (Lond.); E. S. Roberts, B.A., and over 40 experts, learned societies and institutions. Odhams Press Ltd, London, W. C. 2, 1932.
31 The New World Dic.-Concordance to the New American Bib. Manila. Philippines: Daughters of St Paul, 1994.
32 John R. Kohlenberger III. NIV Compact Concordance. Manila, Philippines: OMF Literature Inc. PO Box 2217, 2002.
33 J. D. Douglas & Merrill C. Tenney. NIV Compact Dic. of the Bible. Michigan: The Zondervan Corp., Grand Rapids, 1989.
34 Oxf. Dic.& Thesaurus. Melbourne: Oxf. Univ. Press, 1997.
35 Pictorial Biblical Enc. Ed. Gaalyahu Cornfeld. NY: Macmillan Co., 1964. Pictorial Bib Enc
36 The Enc. of Religion. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1987.
37 Roget's II New Thesaurus. Ed. Fernando de Mello Vianna. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 1980.
38 The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Dic. (Rvd Edn by R. H. Woolsley). Ed. Don F. Neufeld, Washington DC. Hagerstown: Review & Herald Publishing Association, 1978.
39 H.A.R. Gibb, J. H. Kramer. Concise Enc. of Islam. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc. 2001.
40 W. Smith. A Dic. of Bible (Revd. Ed. F.N., M.A. Peloubet). Michigan: Regency Ref. Lib. Grand Rapids, 1984.
41 The Standard Jewish Enc. Ed. Dr. Cecil Roth. London: W. H. Allen, 1959.
42 James Strong. Strong's Exhaustive Concordance. Michigan: Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, 1984.
43 James Strong. A Concise Dic. of the Words in The Hebrew Bible. NY, Cincinnati: The Methodist Book Concern, 1890.
44 W. E. Vine, Merrill F. Unger, William White Jr. Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary of O & NT Words with Topical Index. Nashville, USA: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1996.
45 Webster's Dic. of Eng. Usage. Ed. E. Ward Gilman. Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster Inc., Springfield, 1989.
46 Webster's New Dic. of Synonyms. Ed. Philip B. Grove. Massachusetts: G.&C. Merriam Co, Springfield, 1978.
47 Webster's New World College Dic. 3rd Edn. Ed. Victoria Neufeldt. NY, USA: Macmillan, 1997..
48 Ahmad bin Faris. Mu'jam Maqayis al-Lughah. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-turath al-'Arabi, 2001.
49 IsmaIl ibn Hammad al-Jawhari. Taj al-Lughat wa Sihah al-'Arabiyyah. Beirut: Dar al-'Ilm lil Malayin, 1984.
50 Al-Ustadh al-Tahir Ahmad al-zavi, Tartib al-Qamus al-Muhit 'ala Tariqah al-Misbah al- Munir, 1979.
51 Mu'jam al-Wasit. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-turath al-'Arabi, 1972,
52 Ibn Manzur. Lisan al-'Arab. Beirut: Dar Sadir, 1300 AH, Lisan al-'Arab
53 Mu'allim Butrus al-Bustani. Muhit al-Muhit. Beirut: Maktabah Lubnan Nashirun, 1993




1 Al-Imam Abi 'Abd Allah Muhtammad bin Ishaq al-Fakihi, Akhbar Makkah fi Qadim al- Dahr wa Hadithihi'. Makkah: Maktabah al-Nahdat al-Hadithah, 1987.
2 Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan. Tr. of the Meanings of Sahih Al-Bukhare. Riyadh: Dar al-Salam, S. A., PO Box 22743, 1997.
3 Hamid al-Din Farahi. al-Ra'y al-Sahah fi man Huwa al-Dhabih. Damascus: Dar al-Qalam, 1999.
4 George Sale, 'The Preliminary discourse' to the Alkoran of Mohammed. London: Frederick Warne & Co., na.
5 The Koran, Tr. N. J. Dawood, India: Penguin Books, 1994.
6 N. J. Dawood, Revised Dr. Zayid. The Quran, An Eng Trans. Beirut: Dar Al-Choura, 1980.
7 The QUR'AN. Tr. E. H. Palmer. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1988.
8 Geddes MacGregor. The Bible in the Making. London: John Murray, 1961.
9 Raymond E. Brown. An Introduction to NT. Bangalore: Theological Pub in India (TPI), 2000.
10 The Cambridge History of the Bible. Ed. P. R. Ackroyd & C. F. Evans. Cambridge: at the University Press, 1970.
11 Paul Johnson. A History of Christianity. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
12 Rheme Perkins. NT Introduction. Bombay: St Paul Publications, Bandra, 1992.
13 Werner H Schmidt. OT Introduction, Tr. by Matthew J. O'Connell, Bombay: St Paul Publications, Bandra, 1992.
14 The Works of Flavius Josephus. Tr. by W. Whiston. Boston: D Lothrop & Co., na.
15 The Book of the Jubilees, in 'The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the OT in Eng.' Ed. R. H. Charles. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1968.
16 A Lion Handbook: the World's Religions. Ed. R. Pierce Beaver, etc. England: The Lion Publishing, Herts, 1984
17 Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, and Roland E. Murphy. The New Jerome Bible Handbook. Minnesota: The Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 1993.
18 The NT Background. Ed. C. K. Barret. HarperSanFrancsco, 1995.
19 Bruce M. Metzger. The Text of the NT. Oxford: at the Clarendon Press, 1964.
20 F. F. Bruce. Places Abraham Knew. London: Scrip-ture Union, City Road, ECIVZNJ, 1984.
21 Joseph Kudasiewicz. Synoptic Gospels Today. Manila: T Pauls, Makati City, Philippines, 1996
22 Mawlana Amin Ahsan Islahi. Tadabbur-e-Qur'an. (Lahore: Faran Foundation, 1977),
23 Ken Anderson. Where to Find It in the Bible. Nashville, USA: Thomas Nelson Publ, 1996.