First of all, all praise and gratitude be to Almighty Allah, Who guided and made it convenient for His humble bondman, as the writer is, to undertake and accomplish such an important assignment. Whoso-ever helped the writer in this material world, was with the grace of Allah Almighty. It is really He Who implanted and infused in their minds the love and affection for the writer and his assignment. The writer owes a debt of gratitude to all of such benefactors:

The valuable moral support and encouragement of Lt. Col. (Rtd) ‘Ā^bid Husayn ‘Ā^bid; Mr Gul Muhammad Iqbāl of Lohsar Sharfū; Prof Iftikhār Ahmad Bhuttā; Mr Muhammad Jamīl Balūch; Brig. (R) Muhammad Sādiq Chaudhary; Mr. Na`īm Durrānī, Chief Executie, Noor Durrani and Associates; Mr. S. M. Naseem, Director Finance, A. R. Foods (Pvt) Ltd & FormerPresident, Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry, Mr Nawa$b Nayyar Iqbāl; Dr. Muni$r Ahmad; Mr. Shahza$d Saleem; Mr Parvaiz Hāshimī; Ch. Altaf Mahmood; Sufi Muhammad Abdul Qayyum; Prof. Dr Shabbīr Ahmad Mansūrī of Pb Univ. had been a source of strength to me.

I feel it my duty to extend my gratitude to Mr Azeem Ayyu$b, Mr. Muhammad Sami$‘ Mufti, and Mr. Sa$jid Hameed for their cooperation in compiling and composing the book.; and Mr. Hasan Muizzuddin Qa%dī for his kind cooperation.

I am particularly thankful to Dr. Ani$s Ahmad, VC, Rifa$h International University, Islamabad, Dr Khālid ‘Alvī; Dr Khālid Mas`ūd, Chairman, Isla%mi%Nazariyati%Council, Islāmābād; Dr Mahmūd Ahmad Ghāzī, International Islāmic Univ., Islāmābād; Prof Dr Muhammad Isha%que Qurayshī, V.C., Independent Uni, Faisalābād; Prof Dr Muhammad Tufayl Hāshimī; and Prof Dr Safīr Akhtar, who had been very kind to extend guidance in research methodology whenever I approached them to seek it.