Qur’an Workshop on

Charity

 

 

A. Individual Study Segment

 

I Filling out the Worksheet

II Writing out the Translation

III Comparison with a Standard Translation

IV Random Checking of Translation by the Instructor

V Writing out the Arabic

VI Reading aloud the Arabic by a Participant

VII Volunteers’ Direct Translation of the Verse

 

 

B. Group Study Segment

 

I Comprehension Questions

 

 

C. Evaluation Segment

 

1. Quiz

 

 

D. Follow-up Segment

 

I Listen to the Recital of the Verse  

II Memorize the Verse

III Self-Evaluation Diary

IV Reconsider the Quiz

V Awareness Campaign

 

 

Text under Scrutiny

 

وَ اَنۡفِقُوۡا مِنۡ مَّا  رَزَقۡنٰکُمۡ مِّنۡ  قَبۡلِ اَنۡ یَّاۡتِیَ  اَحَدَکُمُ  الۡمَوۡتُ فَیَقُوۡلَ  رَبِّ لَوۡ لَاۤ  اَخَّرۡتَنِیۡۤ  اِلٰۤی  اَجَلٍ قَرِیۡبٍ  فَاَصَّدَّقَ وَ  اَکُنۡ  مِّنَ  الصّٰلِحِیۡنَ.(10:63)

 

 

A. Individual Activity Segment

 

Step 1: Fill out the first lines of the following tables by placing the translation of the Arabic word below it and then make the scrambled sentence into a meaningful one in the last lines of each of the tables.

 

 

I

 

وَ:  and

اَنۡفِقُوۡا:  spend

مِنۡ:  from

مَّا:   what

رَزَقۡنٰکُمۡ: We have given you

 

وَ

اَنۡفِقُوۡا

مِنۡ

مَّا 

رَزَقۡنٰکُمۡ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II

 

مِّنۡ  قَبۡلِ:  before

اَنۡ:  that

یَّاۡتِیَ:   come

اَحَدَکُمُ:   to any of you

الۡمَوۡتُ: death

 

مِّنۡ  قَبۡلِ

اَنۡ

یَّاۡتِیَ 

اَحَدَکُمُ 

الۡمَوۡتُ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

III

 

فَ: then

یَقُوۡلَ:   he says

رَبِّ:  God

لَوۡ:  why

لَاۤ:   not

اَخَّرۡتَنِیۡۤ:   you deferred me

اِلٰۤی:   to

اَجَلٍ:  a time

قَرِیۡبٍ: near

 

فَ

یَقُوۡلَ 

رَبِّ

لَوۡ

لَاۤ 

اَخَّرۡتَنِیۡۤ 

اِلٰۤی 

اَجَلٍ

قَرِیۡبٍ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV

 

فَ: so that

اَصَّدَّقَ:  I could spend in charity

وَ:   and

اَکُنۡ:   be

مِّنَ:   from

الصّٰلِحِیۡنَ: the righteous

 

فَ

اَصَّدَّقَ

وَ 

اَکُنۡ 

مِّنَ 

الصّٰلِحِیۡنَ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step II: Write out the complete translation here: (note: before you do this exercise, please hide with a sheet of paper if the standard translation written in the next step is visible to you)

 

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Step III: Compare your Translation with the Following:

 

And spend from that which We have given you before death comes to any of you then he says: “Lord! Why did you not defer my death to a time near so that I could spend in charity and be from the righteous.” (63:10)

 

 

Step IV: Random Checking of Translation by the Instructor

 

 

Step V: Writing out the Arabic Text:

 

وَ اَنۡفِقُوۡا مِنۡ مَّا  رَزَقۡنٰکُمۡ مِّنۡ  قَبۡلِ اَنۡ یَّاۡتِیَ  اَحَدَکُمُ  الۡمَوۡتُ فَیَقُوۡلَ  رَبِّ لَوۡ لَاۤ  اَخَّرۡتَنِیۡۤ  اِلٰۤی  اَجَلٍ قَرِیۡبٍ  فَاَصَّدَّقَ وَ  اَکُنۡ  مِّنَ  الصّٰلِحِیۡنَ.(10:63)

 

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Step VI: Reading aloud the Arabic Text by a Participant

 

وَ اَنۡفِقُوۡا مِنۡ مَّا  رَزَقۡنٰکُمۡ مِّنۡ  قَبۡلِ اَنۡ یَّاۡتِیَ  اَحَدَکُمُ  الۡمَوۡتُ فَیَقُوۡلَ  رَبِّ لَوۡ لَاۤ  اَخَّرۡتَنِیۡۤ  اِلٰۤی  اَجَلٍ قَرِیۡبٍ  فَاَصَّدَّقَ وَ  اَکُنۡ  مِّنَ  الصّٰلِحِیۡنَ.(10:63)

 

Step VII: Volunteers’ Direct Translation of the Verse

 

 

 

B. Group Study Segment

 

Step I: Comprehension Questions

 

1. Summarize the Etiquette of Spending in the Way of God as depicted by the verses below:

 

i.

 

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اَنۡفِقُوۡا مِنۡ طَیِّبٰتِ مَا کَسَبۡتُمۡ وَ مِمَّاۤ اَخۡرَجۡنَا لَکُمۡ مِّنَ الۡاَرۡضِ ۪وَ لَا تَیَمَّمُوا الۡخَبِیۡثَ مِنۡہُ تُنۡفِقُوۡنَ وَ لَسۡتُمۡ بِاٰخِذِیۡہِ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ تُغۡمِضُوۡا فِیۡہِ ؕ وَ اعۡلَمُوۡۤا  اَنَّ اللّٰہَ غَنِیٌّ حَمِیۡدٌ.(267:2)

 

Believers! Spend from your pure wealth and from that which We have brought out of the earth for you, and don’t even think of spending something worthless [in the way of God] which you yourselves would not receive except with closed eyes. And you should know that God does not need [such spending from you] and He is glorious. (2:267)

 

ii.

 

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا لَا تُبۡطِلُوۡا صَدَقٰتِکُمۡ بِالۡمَنِّ وَ الۡاَذٰی.(264:2)

 

Believers! Do not mar your charity by reminders of generosity and by hurting [the recipients]. (2:264)

 

iii

 

اِنۡتُبۡدُوا الصَّدَقٰتِ فَنِعِمَّا ہِیَ   وَاِنۡ تُخۡفُوۡہَا وَ تُؤۡتُوۡہَا الۡفُقَرَآءَفَہُوَ خَیۡرٌ لَّکُمۡؕوَ یُکَفِّرُ عَنۡکُمۡمِّنۡسَیِّاٰتِکُمۡؕوَ اللّٰہُ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ خَبِیۡرٌ.(271:2)

 

If you spend openly, then this too is a good thing, but to give to the poor and to give it secretly is better. [Through this,] God will wipe out your sins and God has knowledge of all your deeds. (2: 271)

 

iv.

 

وَ یُؤۡثِرُوۡنَ  عَلٰۤی  اَنۡفُسِہِمۡ وَ لَوۡ کَانَ بِہِمۡ خَصَاصَۃٌ.(9:59)

 

Those who, in spite of being needy, give preference to the needs of others. (59:9)

 

v.

 

الَّذِیۡنَ یُنۡفِقُوۡنَ فِی السَّرَّآءِوَ الضَّرَّآءِ.(134:3)

 

Those who spend in all circumstances whether they are in ease or in hardship. (3:134)

 

vi.

 

لَنۡتَنَالُواالۡبِرَّ حَتّٰی تُنۡفِقُوۡا مِمَّا تُحِبُّوۡنَؕوَ مَا تُنۡفِقُوۡا مِنۡشَیۡءٍ فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ بِہٖ  عَلِیۡمٌ.   (92:3)

 

You shall never be truly virtuous until you spend in [the way of God] what you dearly cherish. And whatever you spend [you will definitely be rewarded for it] because it is known to God. (3:92)

 

vii.

 

یَسۡـَٔلُوۡنَکَ مَا ذَا یُنۡفِقُوۡنَ  قُلۡ مَاۤ اَنۡفَقۡتُمۡ  مِّنۡ خَیۡرٍ فَلِلۡوَالِدَیۡنِ وَ الۡاَقۡرَبِیۡنَ وَ الۡیَتٰمٰی وَ الۡمَسٰکِیۡنِ وَ ابۡنِ‌السَّبِیۡلِ  وَ مَا تَفۡعَلُوۡا مِنۡ خَیۡرٍ فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ بِہٖ عَلِیۡمٌ.  (215:2)

 

They ask you about what they should spend. Tell them: “Whatever you spend is for your parents and kinsfolk and for the orphan and the destitute and the wayfarer [of your society]. And [rest assured] whatever good you do [will never go waste] because God is fully aware of it.” (2:215)

 

viii.

 

لِلۡفُقَرَآءِالَّذِیۡنَ اُحۡصِرُوۡا فِیۡسَبِیۡلِ اللّٰہِ لَا یَسۡتَطِیۡعُوۡنَ ضَرۡبًا فِی الۡاَرۡضِ یَحۡسَبُہُمُ الۡجَاہِلُ اَغۡنِیَآءَمِنَ التَّعَفُّفِ تَعۡرِفُہُمۡبِسِیۡمٰہُمۡ لَا یَسۡـَٔلُوۡنَ النَّاسَ اِلۡحَافًا وَ مَا تُنۡفِقُوۡا مِنۡ خَیۡرٍ فَاِنَّ اللّٰہَ بِہٖ عَلِیۡمٌ.(273:2)

 

This [spending] is [specifically] for the poor who are stranded in the cause of God and are not able to travel in the land to earn their livelihood. The ignorant take them for men of wealth on account of their modest behaviour. You can recognize them by their faces – they are not annoyingly insistent in begging. [Help them] and [be aware that] whatever you spend [for this objective will necessarily earn reward for you] because it is known to God. (2:273)

 

ix.

 

وَ لَا تَجۡعَلۡ یَدَکَ مَغۡلُوۡلَۃً  اِلٰی عُنُقِکَ  وَ لَا تَبۡسُطۡہَا کُلَّ الۡبَسۡطِ فَتَقۡعُدَ مَلُوۡمًا  مَّحۡسُوۡرًا.(17: 29)

 

Be neither miserly nor wasteful, for then you should either earn reproach or be reduced to poverty. (17:29)

 

x.

 

وَ اِمَّا تُعۡرِضَنَّ عَنۡہُمُ ابۡتِغَآءَ رَحۡمَۃٍ مِّنۡ رَّبِّکَ تَرۡجُوۡہَا فَقُلۡ لَّہُمۡ قَوۡلًا مَّیۡسُوۡرًا.(28:17)

 

But if, while waiting for your Lord’s grace, you lack the means to assist these [needy], then at least speak to them kindly. (17:28)

 

xi.

 

اَلشَّیۡطٰنُ یَعِدُکُمُ الۡفَقۡرَ وَ یَاۡمُرُکُمۡ بِالۡفَحۡشَآءِ.(268:2)

 

Satan threatens you with poverty and enjoins lewdness on you. (2:268)

 

xii.

 

اَلَّذِیۡنَ یُنۡفِقُوۡنَ اَمۡوَالَہُمۡ بِالَّیۡلِ وَ النَّہَارِ سِرًّا وَّ عَلَانِیَۃً فَلَہُمۡ اَجۡرُہُمۡ عِنۡدَ رَبِّہِمۡۚ وَ لَا خَوۡفٌ عَلَیۡہِمۡ وَ لَا ہُمۡ یَحۡزَنُوۡنَ.(274:2)

 

Those who spend their wealth [in the way of God] by day and by night, in private and in public, have their reward with God and for them there shall be no fear [there] and nor shall they be sorrowful. (2:274)

 

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2. Make a list of things / items in which we generally do over-spending

 

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3. Make a list of charity organizations that you know

 

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C. Evaluation Segment

 

How Charitable are You?

 

1. I spend in the way of God:

i. even if I can give a small amount.

ii. only if I am able to give a large amount saved up.

iii. only if I see others spending because not doing so will embarrass me before others.

 

2. When I hear about an earthquake or a serious flood in another city or country, I:

i. start collecting money by asking my friends and relatives to donate.

ii. immediately donate whatever I can.

iii. seldom bother because it is the responsibility of the government to look after such calamities.

iv. I feel bad for the people in the disaster, but I rarely make a donation.

 

3. How much do you typically donate?

i. As much as I can.

ii. I seldom donate.

iii. Less than I actually can.

iv. More than I actually can.

 

4. How often do you spend time volunteering in your community?

i. Once a week or more.

ii. Once a month.

iii. Once a year.

iv. Occasionally

v.  Never

 

5. You give gifts to your spouse.

i. almost never.

ii. only on his or her birthday / on your wedding anniversary.

iii. more than twice a year.  

 

6. Your friend forgot his money and asks for USD 100 which you have with you. Do you give him?

i. No Way!

ii. Sure.

iii. If he pays me back!

iv. I only give him USD 50even though I can afford to five the full amount.

 

7. The city wishes to build an apartment complex for mentally sick people in your neighborhood. What would you do?

i. I will write to the town council and voice my opposition.

ii. I will start a campaign against the idea complete with signatures.

iii. Will welcome the decision but will do nothing practically.

iv. Campaign in favor of the proposal.

 

8. Your area is facing cold weather. You see a child walking to school every day without a sweater. Which of the following would you do?

i. I will grab one of the spare sweaters in my home and give it to the child.

ii. Nothing. The parents of the child should buy him a coat.

iii. I will feel sorry for the child, but what can I do?

iv. I will just look away and try not to think about it.

 

9. You have USD 50 which are needed to pay the fees of your child. Tomorrow is the last date for fees submission. You find that your poor neighbour needs USD 50 for a life-saving injection for the medical treatment of her ailing mother. What will you do?

i. I try to collect the money from your friends but if this amount is not raised, you give the money from the fees dues of your child.

ii. I, in spite of knowing the situation, pretend that I do not know that this money is needed.

iii. I sell a house item to raise the money.

iv. I curse the relatives of the neighbour for not helping her.

 

10. There is a big earthquake in your country. You have very limited resources and personally can only spare USD 2/- to help.

i. You give this amount

ii. You don’t give anything thinking that what can USD 2 do for such a big calamity

iii. You give this amount and then boast that you have donated USD 200 for this cause

 

 

 

D. Follow-Up Segment

 

I Listen to the Recital of these Verses

http://thequranrecitation.com/

 

II Memorize these Verses

 

III. Improve yourself through Self-Evaluation

Write a “Charity” diary for two weeks. Each day write down the charitable acts that you have done. At the end of two weeks, share this with your closest friend or with your instructor or just destroy it.

Make a commitment to yourself that in future you will be more even more charitable.

 

IV Reconsider the Quiz

Go back and study the quiz you have attempted. In particular, study the answers in which you have scored less. Re-evaluate your choices and make a commitment to improve in this area.

 

V Become a Volunteer for the Charity Awareness Campaign in the Following Ways

 

(1) Search the Internet for:

i. Videos about Charity

ii. Songs about Charity

iii. Essays and Stories about Charity

iv. Poems about Charity

v. Powerpoint Presentations about Charity

 

(2) Conduct this Charity Awareness Workshop among your Friends

 

(3) Design Activity-Based Workshops for Kids about Charity

 

(4) Create a Website about Charity

 

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