عن سَعِيدِ بن أبي بُرْدَةَ عن أبيه عن جَدِّهِ عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال على كل مُسْلِمٍ صَدَقَةٌ قِيلَ أَرَأَيْتَ إن لم يَجِدْ قال يَعْتَمِلُ بِيَدَيْهِ فَيَنْفَعُ نَفْسَهُ وَيَتَصَدَّقُ قال قِيلَ أَرَأَيْتَ إن لم يَسْتَطِعْ قال يُعِينُ ذَا الْحَاجَةِ الْمَلْهُوفَ قال قِيلَ له أَرَأَيْتَ إن لم يَسْتَطِعْ قال يَأْمُرُ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ أو الْخَيْرِ قال أَرَأَيْتَ إن لم يَفْعَلْ قال يُمْسِكُ عن الشَّرِّ فَإِنَّهَا صَدَقَةٌ

Abu Musa al-Ash‘ari (rta) reported that the Prophet (sws) said: “Charity is obligatory on every Muslim.” It was asked: “What should be done if he does not have anything?” The Prophet (sws) replied: “He should use his hands and benefit his soul and do charity.” It was asked: “What if he does not have the capacity?” The Prophet (sws) replied: “He should help a distressed needy person.” It was asked: “What if he does have the capacity to do this?” The Prophet (sws) replied: “He should advise others to virtue.” It was asked: “What if he is not able to do this?” The Prophet (sws) replied: “He should abstain from evil. This is [also] charity.”[1]

 

أبو هُرَيْرَةَ عن مُحَمَّدٍ رسول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فذكر أَحَادِيثَ منها وقال رسول اللَّهِ  صلى الله عليه وسلم كُلُّ سلامي من الناس عليه صَدَقَةٌ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ تَطْلُعُ فيه الشَّمْسُ قال تَعْدِلُ بين الإثنين صَدَقَةٌ وَتُعِينُ الرَّجُلَ في دَابَّتِهِ فَتَحْمِلُهُ عليها أو تَرْفَعُ له عليها مَتَاعَهُ صَدَقَةٌ قال وَالْكَلِمَةُ الطَّيِّبَةُ صَدَقَةٌ وَكُلُّ خُطْوَةٍ تَمْشِيهَا إلى الصَّلَاةِ صَدَقَةٌ وَتُمِيطُ الْأَذَى عن الطَّرِيقِ صَدَقَةٌ

Abu Huraryah (rta) reports that Muhammad (sws) said: “At the rising of the sun, charity becomes obligatory on every joint of a Muslim. If he decides between two people with justice, this is charity; if he helps a person in his conveyance by lifting up that person or his provisions on it, then this is charity; good words are charity; every step taken to go for offering the prayer is charity; removing harmful things from a path is also charity.”[2]



[1]. Ibid., vol.2, 699, (no. 1008).

[2]. Ibid., vol.2, 699, (no. 1009).