Manifestations of Worship


اِنَّمَا یُؤۡمِنُ بِاٰیٰتِنَا الَّذِیۡنَ  اِذَا  ذُکِّرُوۡا بِہَا خَرُّوۡا  سُجَّدًا  وَّ سَبَّحُوۡا بِحَمۡدِ رَبِّہِمۡ وَ  ہُمۡ  لَا  یَسۡتَکۡبِرُوۡنَ. تَتَجَافٰی جُنُوۡبُہُمۡ عَنِ الۡمَضَاجِعِ یَدۡعُوۡنَ رَبَّہُمۡ خَوۡفًا وَّ طَمَعًا ۫ وَّ مِمَّا رَزَقۡنٰہُمۡ  یُنۡفِقُوۡنَ.(32: 15-16)

Only those believe in Our revelations who, when reminded through them, prostrate themselves in adoration and glorify their Lord while expressing their gratitude to Him and are not arrogant. Their backs forsake their beds; they pray to their Lord in fear and in hope and spend [for His cause] from what We gave them. (32:15-16)



The Prayer: A Requisite of Muslim Citizenship


فَاِنۡ تَابُوۡا وَ اَقَامُوا الصَّلٰوۃَوَ اٰتَوُا الزَّکٰوۃَ  فَاِخۡوَانُکُمۡ فِی الدِّیۡنِؕوَ نُفَصِّلُ  الۡاٰیٰتِ  لِقَوۡمٍ  یَّعۡلَمُوۡنَ.(11:9)

Then if they repent and are diligent in the prayer and pay the zakah, they shall become your brothers in religion. (9:11)



The Prayer: A Means of Warding off Evil


وَ اَقِمِ الصَّلٰوۃَ ؕ اِنَّ الصَّلٰوۃَ  تَنۡہٰی عَنِ الۡفَحۡشَآءِ  وَالۡمُنۡکَرِ .(45:29)

And be diligent in the prayer because it deters [people] from lewdness and evil. (29:45)



The Prayer: An Eraser of Sins


وَ اَقِمِ الصَّلٰوۃَ طَرَفَیِ النَّہَارِ وَ زُلَفًا مِّنَ الَّیۡلِؕاِنَّ الۡحَسَنٰتِ یُذۡہِبۡنَ السَّیِّاٰتِؕ ذٰلِکَ  ذِکۡرٰی  لِلذّٰکِرِیۡنَ.(114:11)

And be diligent in your prayer at both ends of the day and in a portion of the night too. No doubt, such good deeds compensate for sins. This is a reminder for those who benefit from reminders. (11:114)



The Prayer: A Means of Countering Hardships


یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوا اسۡتَعِیۡنُوۡا بِالصَّبۡرِ وَ الصَّلٰوۃِ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰہَ مَعَ الصّٰبِرِیۡنَ.(153:2)

Believers! Seek help from steadfastness and from the prayer. Indeed, God is with those who are steadfast. (2:153)


فَاصۡبِرۡ عَلٰی مَا یَقُوۡلُوۡنَ وَ سَبِّحۡ بِحَمۡدِ رَبِّکَ قَبۡلَ طُلُوۡعِ الشَّمۡسِ وَ قَبۡلَ الۡغُرُوۡبِ. وَ مِنَ الَّیۡلِ فَسَبِّحۡہُ  وَ اَدۡبَارَ السُّجُوۡدِ.(50: 39-40)

So, bear then with patience what they say and glorify your Lord and praise Him before sunrise and before sunset. And glorify Him in the night also and also after the sun prostrates. (50:39-40)



The Obligation of Zakah


وَ اَقِیۡمُوا الصَّلٰوۃَ  وَ اٰتُوا الزَّکٰوۃَ  وَ اَقۡرِضُوا اللّٰہَ  قَرۡضًا حَسَنًا ؕ وَ مَا  تُقَدِّمُوۡا لِاَنۡفُسِکُمۡ مِّنۡ خَیۡرٍ تَجِدُوۡہُ  عِنۡدَ اللّٰہِ ہُوَ خَیۡرًا وَّ اَعۡظَمَ اَجۡرًا.(20:73)

And be diligent in the prayer and pay zakah and [for the cause of your religion and state] lend to God a befitting loan, and [remember] whatever good you send forth for yourselves you shall find it with God better than before and greater in reward. (73:20)



Obligation of the Fast


یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا کُتِبَ عَلَیۡکُمُ الصِّیَامُ کَمَا کُتِبَ عَلَی الَّذِیۡنَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِکُمۡ لَعَلَّکُمۡ تَتَّقُوۡنَ. اَیَّامًا مَّعۡدُوۡدٰتٍ ؕ فَمَنۡ کَانَ مِنۡکُمۡ مَّرِیۡضًا اَوۡ عَلٰی سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّۃٌ مِّنۡ اَیَّامٍ اُخَرَ ؕ وَ عَلَی الَّذِیۡنَ یُطِیۡقُوۡنَہٗ فِدۡیَۃٌ طَعَامُ مِسۡکِیۡنٍ ؕ فَمَنۡ تَطَوَّعَ خَیۡرًا فَہُوَ خَیۡرٌ لَّہٗ ؕ وَ اَنۡ تَصُوۡمُوۡا خَیۡرٌ لَّکُمۡ   اِنۡ کُنۡتُمۡ  تَعۡلَمُوۡنَ. شَہۡرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِیۡۤ اُنۡزِلَ فِیۡہِ الۡقُرۡاٰنُ ہُدًی لِّلنَّاسِ وَ بَیِّنٰتٍ مِّنَ الۡہُدٰی وَ الۡفُرۡقَانِ ۚ فَمَنۡ شَہِدَ مِنۡکُمُ الشَّہۡرَ فَلۡیَصُمۡہُ ؕ وَ مَنۡ کَانَ مَرِیۡضًا اَوۡ عَلٰی سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّۃٌ مِّنۡ اَیَّامٍ اُخَرَؕ یُرِیۡدُ اللّٰہُ بِکُمُ الۡیُسۡرَ وَ لَا یُرِیۡدُ بِکُمُ الۡعُسۡرَ۫ وَلِتُکۡمِلُوا الۡعِدَّۃَ وَلِتُکَبِّرُوا اللّٰہَ عَلٰی مَا ہَدٰىکُمۡ وَ لَعَلَّکُمۡ تَشۡکُرُوۡنَ.(2: 183-185)

Believers! Fasting has been made obligatory upon you as it was made upon those before you so that you become fearful of God. These are but a few days, but if any one among you is ill or is on a journey, let him fast a similar number of days later; and those who have the capacity [to feed a needy] should feed a needy in place of it. Then he who does a virtuous deed of his own accord, it is better for him and if you fast, then this is even better for you if you but knew. It is the month of Ramadan in which the Qur’an was revealed, as a book of guidance for mankind and in the form of manifest arguments which are a means of total guidance and a means of distinguishing right from wrong. Therefore, whoever among you is present in this month, he should fast. And he who is ill or is on a journey should fast a similar number of days later on. [This concession is because] God desires comfort for you and not discomfort. And [the permission given to travellers and the sick to feed the needy is now withdrawn so that] you can complete the fasts [and thus not be deprived of the blessings of fasting] and so that you glorify God on the guidance God has bestowed upon you, and express your gratitude to Him. (2:183-185)



Obligation of H~ajjand ‘Umrah


وَ اَذِّنۡ فِی النَّاسِ بِالۡحَجِّ  یَاۡتُوۡکَ  رِجَالًا وَّ عَلٰی کُلِّ ضَامِرٍ یَّاۡتِیۡنَ مِنۡ کُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِیۡقٍ. لِّیَشۡہَدُوۡا مَنَافِعَ  لَہُمۡ  وَ یَذۡکُرُوا  اسۡمَ اللّٰہِ فِیۡۤ  اَیَّامٍ مَّعۡلُوۡمٰتٍ عَلٰی مَا رَزَقَہُمۡ مِّنۡۢ بَہِیۡمَۃِ الۡاَنۡعَامِ ۚ فَکُلُوۡا مِنۡہَا وَ اَطۡعِمُوا  الۡبَآئِسَ الۡفَقِیۡرَ. ثُمَّ لۡیَقۡضُوۡا تَفَثَہُمۡ وَ لۡیُوۡفُوۡا نُذُوۡرَہُمۡ وَ لۡیَطَّوَّفُوۡا بِالۡبَیۡتِ الۡعَتِیۡقِ.(22: 27-29)

And declare the pilgrimage among the people. They will come to you on foot and on the backs of lean camels from distant mountainous ways so that they are able to reach places of benefit and on a few appointed days invoke the name of God over their cattle which He has bestowed them. [So, when you slaughter them] eat of their flesh, and feed the deprived beggar. Then let the pilgrims cleanse themselves of their dirt and fulfill their vows, and circumambulate the Ancient House. (22:27-29)



Etiquette of Hajj


اَلۡحَجُّ اَشۡہُرٌ مَّعۡلُوۡمٰتٌ ۚ فَمَنۡ فَرَضَ فِیۡہِنَّ الۡحَجَّ فَلَا رَفَثَ وَ لَا فُسُوۡقَ  ۙ وَ لَا جِدَالَ فِی الۡحَجِّ ؕ وَ مَا تَفۡعَلُوۡا مِنۡ خَیۡرٍ  یَّعۡلَمۡہُ اللّٰہُ  ؕؔ وَتَزَوَّدُوۡا فَاِنَّ خَیۡرَ الزَّادِ التَّقۡوٰی ۫ وَ اتَّقُوۡنِ یٰۤاُولِی الۡاَلۡبَابِ.(١٩٧:2)

The days of hajjare known. So, anyone who intends to offer it should refrain from vulgarity, disobedience [to God] and quarrelling during it. And whatever good you do is in the knowledge of God. And [in the journey of hajj] take along with you the provision [of piety] because the best provision is piety. And O men of understanding! Fear Me. (2:197)



Ritual of Animal Sacrifice


وَ لِکُلِّ اُمَّۃٍ جَعَلۡنَا مَنۡسَکًا لِّیَذۡکُرُوا اسۡمَ اللّٰہِ عَلٰی مَا رَزَقَہُمۡ مِّنۡۢ بَہِیۡمَۃِ الۡاَنۡعَامِ ؕ فَاِلٰـہُکُمۡ اِلٰہٌ  وَّاحِدٌ فَلَہٗۤ اَسۡلِمُوۡا ؕ وَ  بَشِّرِ  الۡمُخۡبِتِیۡنَ.(34:22)

And for every community, We have ordained the ritual of sacrifice so that they may pronounce the name of God over the cattle which He has bestowed them because your God is one God; so, surrender yourselves to Him. And [O Prophet (sws)!] Give glad tidings [from the Almighty] to these who bow down. (22:34)



Objective of Animal Sacrifice


لَنۡ یَّنَالَ اللّٰہَ  لُحُوۡمُہَا وَ لَا دِمَآؤُہَا وَ لٰکِنۡ یَّنَالُہُ التَّقۡوٰی مِنۡکُمۡ.(37:22)

The flesh and blood [of] these [sacrificed animals] does not reach God; it is only your piety that reaches Him. (22:37)