On the basis of certain narratives attributed to the Prophet (sws), there are people who have concluded that women are a source of bad luck. Thus for example it is recorded:
عَنِ بن عُمَرَ ان رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لاَ عَدْوَى ولا طِيَرَةَ وَالشُّؤْمُ في ثَلاَثَةٍ في الْمَرْأَةِ وَالدَّارِ وَالدَّابَّةِ
Ibn ‘Umar narrates that the Prophet said that there is no contagiousness or evil omen. Bad luck, however, is in three things: a woman, a house and an animal.
Now it needs to be kept in mind that in order to understand a single Hadīth, it is imperative to study all the Ahādīth of similar texts. If this is not done, then there is all the possibility of a person ending up with a wrong conclusion. This is because in most cases various incidents are recorded in them in a fragmentary manner and to construct an overall picture, all the fragments must be brought together and studied.
However, the following text of it recorded in Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s Musnad presents the true picture in this regard:
عن أَبِى حَسَّانَ الأَعْرَجِ ان رَجُلَيْنِ دَخَلاَ على عَائِشَةَ فَقَالاَ ان أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ يحدث ان نبي اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يقول إنما الطِّيَرَةُ في الْمَرْأَةِ وَالدَّابَّةِ وَالدَّارِ قال فَطَارَتْ شِقَّةٌ منها في السَّمَاءِ وَشِقَّةٌ في الأَرْضِ فقالت والذي أَنْزَلَ الْقُرْآنَ على أَبِى الْقَاسِمِ ما هَكَذَا كان يقول وَلَكِنَّ نبي اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يقول كان أَهْلُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ يَقُولُونَ الطِّيَرَةُ في الْمَرْأَةِ وَالدَّارِ وَالدَّابَّةِ
Abū Hassān reports that two people came to ‘A’ishah and said to her that Abū Hurayrah narrates that the Prophet used to say that bad luck is to be found only in women, horses and houses. At this, ‘A’ishah became very angry and said: “By the God who revealed the Qur’ān to the Prophet, the Prophet never said this; what he did say was that the People of the jāhilliyyah say that bad luck is found in a woman and in a house and in an animal.”
It is thus evident from this text of this Hadīth that this saying has been erroneously attributed to the Prophet (sws). He had actually quoted the views held by the people of jāhilliyyah.