Preaching Obligation of Prophets of God

 

یٰۤاَیُّہَا النَّبِیُّ  اِنَّاۤ  اَرۡسَلۡنٰکَ شَاہِدًا وَّ مُبَشِّرًا وَّ  نَذِیۡرًا. وَّ دَاعِیًا اِلَی اللّٰہِ  بِاِذۡنِہٖ وَ سِرَاجًا مُّنِیۡرًا.(33: 45-46)

O Prophet! We have sent you forth as a witness, a bearer of good tidings, and a warner and as one who shall call [people] to God by His permission and as a shining lamp [for the guidance of mankind]. (33:45-46)

 

 

Preaching Obligation of Rulers

 

وَلۡتَکُنۡ مِّنۡکُمۡ اُمَّۃٌ یَّدۡعُوۡنَ اِلَی الۡخَیۡرِ وَ یَاۡمُرُوۡنَ بِالۡمَعۡرُوۡفِ وَ یَنۡہَوۡنَ عَنِ الۡمُنۡکَرِؕوَ اُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ  الۡمُفۡلِحُوۡنَ.(3: 104)

And there should be a group among you who invite [people] towards righteousness, enjoin good and forbid evil. And only [those who make this arrangement] shall achieve salvation. (3:104)

 

 

Preaching Obligation of Islamic Scholars

 

وَ مَا کَانَ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ  لِیَنۡفِرُوۡا کَآفَّۃً ؕ فَلَوۡ لَا نَفَرَ مِنۡ کُلِّ فِرۡقَۃٍ مِّنۡہُمۡ طَآئِفَۃٌ  لِّیَتَفَقَّہُوۡا فِی الدِّیۡنِ وَ لِیُنۡذِرُوۡا قَوۡمَہُمۡ اِذَا رَجَعُوۡۤا اِلَیۡہِمۡ لَعَلَّہُمۡ  یَحۡذَرُوۡنَ. (122:9)

And it was not possible for all the believers to undertake [this task]. So, why did not a few from every group among them come forward to acquire deep insight of religion and warn the people of their [respective] nations, when [after acquiring this insight] they returned to them so that they may take heed. (9:122)

 

 

Preaching Obligation of Individuals

 

وَ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ وَ الۡمُؤۡمِنٰتُ بَعۡضُہُمۡ اَوۡلِیَآءُ بَعۡضٍۘ یَاۡمُرُوۡنَ بِالۡمَعۡرُوۡفِ وَ یَنۡہَوۡنَ عَنِ الۡمُنۡکَرِ.(71:9)

And believers, both men and women, are friends to one another. They urge one another to what is good and forbid what is evil. (9:71)

 

 

Prudence in Preaching

 

اُدۡعُ  اِلٰی سَبِیۡلِ رَبِّکَ بِالۡحِکۡمَۃِ وَ الۡمَوۡعِظَۃِ  الۡحَسَنَۃِ وَجَادِلۡہُمۡ بِالَّتِیۡ ہِیَ اَحۡسَنُ ؕ اِنَّ رَبَّکَ ہُوَ اَعۡلَمُ بِمَنۡ ضَلَّ عَنۡ سَبِیۡلِہٖ  وَ ہُوَ  اَعۡلَمُ بِالۡمُہۡتَدِیۡنَ. وَ اِنۡ عَاقَبۡتُمۡ فَعَاقِبُوۡا بِمِثۡلِ مَا عُوۡقِبۡتُمۡ بِہٖ ؕ وَلَئِنۡ صَبَرۡتُمۡ لَہُوَ خَیۡرٌ لِّلصّٰبِرِیۡنَ. (16: 125-126)

Call [people] to the path of your Lord with wisdom and sound advice, and debate with them in the most sensible way. Indeed, your Lord best knows those who stray from His path and those who are rightly guided. And if you seek revenge, let this be proportionate to the wrong you have suffered. And if you exercise patience, then this is the best way for the patient. (16:125-126)

 

قُلۡ یٰۤاَہۡلَ الۡکِتٰبِ تَعَالَوۡا اِلٰی کَلِمَۃٍ سَوَآءٍۢ  بَیۡنَنَا وَ بَیۡنَکُمۡ اَلَّا نَعۡبُدَ اِلَّا اللّٰہَ وَ لَا نُشۡرِکَ بِہٖ شَیۡئًا وَّ لَا یَتَّخِذَ بَعۡضُنَا بَعۡضًا اَرۡبَابًا مِّنۡ دُوۡنِ اللّٰہِ ؕ فَاِنۡ تَوَلَّوۡا فَقُوۡلُوا اشۡہَدُوۡا بِاَنَّا مُسۡلِمُوۡنَ.(3: 64)

Tell [them]: “People of the Book! Come to what is agreed upon among us: we will worship none but God, we will not associate anyone with Him, and none among us shall regard any one other than God as our Lord.” Then if they turn away, tell them: “Bear witness, then, that we are Muslims. (3:64)

 

وَلَا تُجَادِلُوۡۤا اَہۡلَ الۡکِتٰبِ اِلَّا بِالَّتِیۡ ہِیَ  اَحۡسَنُ٭ۖ  اِلَّا  الَّذِیۡنَ ظَلَمُوۡا مِنۡہُمۡ وَقُوۡلُوۡۤا اٰمَنَّا بِالَّذِیۡۤ اُنۡزِلَ  اِلَیۡنَا وَاُنۡزِلَ اِلَیۡکُمۡ وَ اِلٰـہُنَا وَ اِلٰـہُکُمۡ وَاحِدٌ وَّ نَحۡنُ لَہٗ  مُسۡلِمُوۡنَ.(46:29)

And do not debate with the People of the Book but in a sound way except with those among them who do evil, and say [to them]: “We have professed belief in that which has been revealed to us and which was revealed to you and Our God and your God is one and to Him we submit.” (29:46)

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